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Figure Trend in freight transport demand and GDP
The decoupling indicator is calculated as the ratio of freight transport demand to GDP measured in 1995 market prices
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Trend in freight transport demand and GDP
The two curves show the development in GDP and freight transport volumes, while the columns show the level of annual decoupling
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Figure Trend in freight transport demand and GDP
Green indicates faster growth in GDP than in transport while red indicates stronger growth in transport than in GDP. Figure 1 shows a large increase in freight tkm in 2004. This is due to a change in the methodology used to calculate the estimates for this year. (see metadata for more details) The main reason is that countries had to harmonise their surveys with the EU legislation, Freight transport demand is defined as the amount of inland tonnes-kilometre travelled every year in the EEA32. Inland freight transport includes transport by road, rail and inland waterways. The current version of the indicators is based on inland transport only. Although statistics on sea transport are already well developed, due to their predominantly international nature, there are conceptual difficulties in dealing with these modes in a manner consistent with the inland modes. Data from Lichtenstein is not included as it was not available as part of the dataset .The ratio of annual growth of inland freight transport to GDP, measured in 2000 prices, determines the amount of coupling between GDP and transport. The decoupling indicator, depicted by the green bars, is calculated as unity minus the coupling ratio; so a positive score indicates decoupling (i.e. transport demand grows less slowly than GDP), with a negative score showing the opposite (i.e. transport demand outpaces GDP growth).
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Figure Pascal source code Trend in passenger transport demand and GDP
If the decoupling indicator (vertical bars) is above 100 transport demand is outpacing GDP growth (i.e
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Figure Trend in passenger transport demand and GDP
The decoupling columns displayed in the chart represent annual decoupling
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Figure Trend in passenger transport demand and GDP
Aviation is not included
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Figure Troff document Trends and outlooks in transport demand for the different modes of transport, EU-25, 1990-2030
The figure shows past (from 1990) and projected (until 2030) values for passenger transport demand within the EU-25. Results are presented both in absolute numbers (per category values for different means of transport summing up to total annual passenger transport demand in Gpkm for the years 1990-2030) and their respective percentage share of total passenger transport demand in Gpkm.
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Figure Trends and targets: EU-27 GHG emissions
Graph with two lines showing total GHG emissions for transport (including intl. Aviation) and international maritime transport. 2030 and 2050 target reductions also shown as dotted lines.
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Figure Troff document Trends in air passenger transport demand and GDP
Trends in air passenger transport demand and GDP. The two curves show the development in GDP and air passenger transport volumes, while the columns show the level of annual decoupling. Green indicates faster growth in GDP than in transport while red indicates stronger growth in transport than in GDP. Aviation passenger demand data are provisional estimates from the European Commission DG MOVE for domestic and intra-EU27 aviation. GDP data for Lichtenstein is not included as it is not available. The ratio of annual growth of passenger transport to GDP, measured in 2000 prices, determines the amount of coupling between GDP and transport. The decoupling indicator, depicted by the green bars, is calculated as unity minus the coupling ratio; so a positive score indicates decoupling (i.e. transport demand grows less slowly than GDP), with a negative score showing the opposite (i.e. transport demand outpaces GDP growth)
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Figure Trends in diesel NOX emission factors and type approval emission standards
The figure shows the change in real-world NOx emission factors in urban conditions for diesel cars with different Euro standards along with the change in the type-approval standards
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European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100