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Figure Trends in passenger transport demand and GDP (EEA-32 excluding Liechtenstein)
Graph showing change in passenger transport volume and GDP versus time, together with the ‘decoupling’ relationship between them
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Figure D source code Trends in passenger transport demand and GDP
Trends in passenger transport demand and GDP
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Figure Trends in passenger transport demand and GDP
Trends in passenger transport demand and GDP. The two curves show the development in GDP and passenger transport volumes, while the columns show the level of annual decoupling. Green indicates faster growth in GDP than in transport while red indicates stronger growth in transport than in GDP. The data refer to road, rail and bus modes of passenger transport. Passenger transport demand is defined as the amount of inland passenger- kilometre travelled every year in the EEA32. Inland passenger transport includes transport by passenger cars, buses and coaches, and trains. There is no agreement among the EU Member States on how to attribute the passenger-kilometres of international intra-EU flights, therefore data for air passenger travels are deemed unreliable and not included in this figure. Data from Liechtenstein is not included as it was not available as part of the dataset. The ratio of annual growth of inland passenger transport to GDP, measured in 2000 prices, determines the amount of coupling between GDP and transport. The decoupling indicator, depicted by the green bars, is calculated as unity minus the coupling ratio; so a positive score indicates decoupling (i.e. transport demand grows less slowly than GDP), with a negative score showing the opposite (i.e. transport demand outpaces GDP growth).
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Figure Trends in passenger transport demand by mode
Time series of passenger transport by mode
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Figure D source code Trends in the annual intensity of freight transport demand
Tonne/km for road, rail and inland waterways.
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Figure Trends in the annual intensity of freight transport demand
Tonne/km for road and rail
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Figure Trends in the annual intensity of freight transport demand
Road freight transport is assigned to the country of origin of the transport vehicle in EU statistics rather than to where the vehicles drive
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Figure Trends in transport energy consumption
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Figure Trends in transport GHG emissions by country (1990-2003)
Data cover all 31 EEA member countries plus Switzerland
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Figure Trends in transport GHG emissions by country (1990-2004)
The figures do not include greenhouse gas emissions from international aviation and maritime transport.
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European Environment Agency (EEA)
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