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Sound and independent information
on the environment

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Publication Europe's environment — The fourth assessment. Executive summary
Located in Publications
Figure Fish catches by the EU-27, 1950–2008 (tonnes) for different categories of fish and invertebrates
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Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure application/x-ica Grouped threats to Posidonia oceanica beds as reported by Mediterranean EU Member States under the EU Habitats Directive
Grouped threats to Posidonia oceanica beds as reported by Mediterranean EU Member States under the EU Habitats Directive
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Hazardous substances in marine organisms (MAR 001) - Assessment published Mar 2013
The concentrations were generally Low or Moderate for HCB and lindane, Moderate for cadmium, mercury and lead, and Moderate or High for PCB and DDT. A general downward trend was found in the Northeast Atlantic for lead, lindane, PCB and DDT and also in the Baltic Sea and Mediterranean Sea for lindane. A general upward trend was found in the Mediterranean Sea for mercury and lead.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Hazardous substances in marine organisms
Figure IIn-shore and off-shore Natura 2000 sites, 2011
A map showing the distribution of marine Natura 2000 sites. The map distinguishes between those marine sites within 12 nautical miles (termed ‘Inshore sites’) and those beyond 12 nautical miles (termed ‘Offshore sites’). It is based upon the ‘end 2011’ Natura 2000 dataset.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure In-shore (within 12 nautical miles) and off‑shore Natura 2000 sites
A map showing the distribution of marine Natura 2000 sites. The map distinguishes between those marine sites within 12 nautical miles (termed ‘Inshore sites’) and those beyond 12 nautical miles (termed ‘Offshore sites’). It is based upon the ‘end 2009’ Natura 2000 dataset.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Daviz Visualization Main pathways of introduction of marine non-indigenous species
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Publication chemical/x-pdb Marine and coastal environment — SOER 2010 thematic assessment
European marine regions include the north-east Atlantic and Arctic oceans, and the Mediterranean, Black and Baltic seas. Human activities — such as fishing, aquaculture and agriculture — and climate change cause large and severe impacts on Europe's coastal and marine ecosystems. The EU objective of halting biodiversity loss by 2010 has not been met in either the coastal or the marine environment. Recognising the need for an integrated ecosystem-based approach to reduce pressures, the EU Integrated Maritime Policy allows for the development of sea-related activities in a sustainable manner. Its environmental pillar, the Marine Strategy Framework Directive, aims to deliver 'good environmental status' of the marine environment by 2020, and the Common Fisheries Policy will be reformed in 2012 with the aim of achieving sustainable fisheries. Complementary policy efforts include the EU Water Framework Directive and other freshwater legislation, and the Habitats and Birds Directives.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Thematic assessments
SOER Message Marine and coastal environment — key message 1
Degradation of marine and coastal ecosystems is observed in the Black, Mediterranean, Baltic, North East Atlantic Seas and in the Arctic. This trend is caused by fishing, agriculture, the industrial use of chemicals, tourist development, shipping, energy exploitation and other maritime activities. Projected climate change is likely to increase the impact of these activities in all seas, and in the Arctic
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Marine and coastal environment — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message Marine and coastal environment — key message 2
Nutrient enrichment is a major problem in the coastal and marine environment, where it accelerates the growth of phytoplankton and can lead to oxygen depletion. Concentrations of some heavy metals and persistent organic contaminants in marine biota exceed food stuff limits in all Europe’s seas.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Marine and coastal environment — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Phone: +45 3336 7100