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Publication EEA Briefing 4/2006 - Urban sprawl in Europe
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Figure Energy consumption for passenger transport versus density
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
GIS Map Application Europe Artificial Areas (Land Cover 2006)
Corine land cover 2006 is the latest update of the CLC database as part of the European Commission programme to COoRdinate INformation on the Environment (Corine) started in the early 1990s. It provides consistent information on land cover and its changes during the period 2000-2006 across Europe. The CLC2006 database covers 38 countries.
Located in Data and maps Interactive maps
Figure Functional changes for urban areas greater than 50 000 inhabitants (1990-2000)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Growth of built-up areas outside urban areas (1990-2000)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Growth rates of residential areas and industrial, commercial and transport areas from the mid-1950s to the end 1990s), selected European cities
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Intensity of land take 2000 - 2006
Based on Corine Land Cover 2006 and changes between 2000 and 2006, the map shows the land take distribution and intensity for development of urban and other artificial area
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Intensity of urban sprawl 2000–2006 in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania (above) and Ireland (below)
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Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Istanbul 2000 and 2020
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Land take
Land take by the expansion of residential areas and construction sites is the main cause of the increase in the coverage of urban land at the European level. Agricultural zones and, to a lesser extent, forests and semi-natural and natural areas, are disappearing in favour of the development of artificial surfaces. This affects biodiversity since it decreases habitats, the living space of a number of species, and fragments the landscapes that support and connect them. The annual land take in European countries assessed by 2006 Corine land cover project (EEA39 except Greece) was approximately 108 000 ha/year in 2000-2006. In 21 countries covered by both periods (1990-2000 and 2000-2006) the annual land take decreased by 9 % in the later period. The composition of land taken areas changed, too. More arable land and permanent crops and less pastures and mosaic farmland were taken by artificial development then in 1990-2000. Identified trends are expected to change little when next assessment for 2006-2012 becomes available in 2014.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Land take
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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