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Figure Long time series of source apportioned load of nitrogen and phosphorus (kg/ha/year on y axes) in the period 1975 - 2003.
Mixed approaches.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication chemical/x-pdb Marine and coastal environment — SOER 2010 thematic assessment
European marine regions include the north-east Atlantic and Arctic oceans, and the Mediterranean, Black and Baltic seas. Human activities — such as fishing, aquaculture and agriculture — and climate change cause large and severe impacts on Europe's coastal and marine ecosystems. The EU objective of halting biodiversity loss by 2010 has not been met in either the coastal or the marine environment. Recognising the need for an integrated ecosystem-based approach to reduce pressures, the EU Integrated Maritime Policy allows for the development of sea-related activities in a sustainable manner. Its environmental pillar, the Marine Strategy Framework Directive, aims to deliver 'good environmental status' of the marine environment by 2020, and the Common Fisheries Policy will be reformed in 2012 with the aim of achieving sustainable fisheries. Complementary policy efforts include the EU Water Framework Directive and other freshwater legislation, and the Habitats and Birds Directives.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Thematic assessments
Figure chemical/x-molconn-Z National or regional source apportionments and fertiliser use (Faostat fertiliser consumption) for phosphorus. (B)
UK figures on fertilisers used for Northern Ireland
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Nitrate and phosphorus concentrations in selected WCE freshwater bodies
Numbers of groundwater bodies, lake and river monitoring stations in brackets
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Data Visualization Nitrogen emission intensity of agriculture
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Data Visualization Nitrogen emission intensity of agriculture
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Data Visualization D source code Nutrient trend
The data series are calculated as the average of annual mean concentrations for groundwater bodies/river stations/lake stations in Europe. Only complete series after inter/extrapolation are included (see indicator specification). The number of groundwater bodies/river stations/lake stations included per country is given in the notes below the individual substance charts.
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Indicator Assessment Nutrients in freshwater
Since 2005, average nitrate concentrations in European groundwater have declined and in 2011, the mean concentration had almost returned to the 1992 level. The average nitrate concentration in European rivers declined by 0.03 milligrams per liter of nitrogen (mg N/l) (0.8%) per year over the period 1992 to 2012. The decline in nitrate concentration reflects the effect of measures to reduce agricultural inputs of nitrate, as well as improvements in wastewater treatment. Average orthophosphate concentration in European rivers has decreased markedly over the last two decades (0.003 milligrams per liter of phosphorous (mg P/l) or 2.1% per year). Also, average lake phosphorus concentration decreased over the period 1992-2012 (0.0004 mg P/l, or 0.8% per year). The decrease in phosphorus concentration reflects both improvements in wastewater treatment and the reduction of phosphorus in detergents.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Nutrients in freshwater
Figure Phosphorous levels in the water of large mountain lakes in Switzerland
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure C source code Phosphorus emission intensity of domestic sector in period 1990, 2000-2009 in 23 European countries (EU20 + Switzerland, Norway and Turkey)
The chart displays changes in phosphorus emission intensity of domestic sector in 1990, 2000 and 2009. Phosphorus emission intensity is expressed as kilogram of phosphorus discharged in water per inhabitant and year. Two sets of values are displayed for emission intensity for 2009. (1) Values calculated on the basis of default population equivalents and treatment efficiencies and (2) values calculated as sum of emission load reported voluntarily under the UWWTD and calculated load generated by population not connected to waste water treatment.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100