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Sound and independent information
on the environment

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Publication How much bioenergy can Europe produce without harming the environment?
The purpose of this report is to assess how much biomass could technically be available for energy production without increasing pressures on the environment. As such, it develops a number of environmental criteria for bioenergy production, which are then used as assumptions for modelling the primary potential. These criteria were developed on a European scale. Complementary assessments at more regional and local scale are recommended as a follow-up of this work.
Located in Publications
Article If bioenergy goes boom — the switch from oil to bioenergy is not risk free
Bioenergy is not new. For millennia, people have been burning wood. The industrial revolution in the mid-1800s brought so called 'fossil fuels', mainly coal and oil, to the fore. However, fossil fuels are becoming more difficult to find and extract, more expensive, and subject to intense political debate.
Located in Articles
Figure Land use and ecosystem cycles
The schema illustrates the interactions between land use and important environmental cycles.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication Maximising the environmental benefits of Europe's bioenergy potential
Located in Publications
Figure Mix of energy crops, 2006–2008 (left) and EEA scenario for environmentally compatible energy cropping in 2020 (right)
The graph presents the ‘environmentally compatible’ energy cropping data and scenario developed by the EEA for 2020.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure National perennial cropping mixes in the ‘Climate focus’ storyline
The graph gives an overview of the absolute contribution of perennials per type to the bioenergy potential of a country in the Climate focus storyline.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure National perennial cropping mixes in the ‘Resource efficiency’ storyline
The graph gives an overview of the absolute contribution of perennials per type to the bioenergy potential of a country in the Resource efficiency storyline.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure National perennial cropping mixes in the 'Market first' storyline
The graph gives an overview of the absolute contribution of perennials per type to the bioenergy potential of a country in the market first storyline.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Common environmental theme Nature protection and biodiversity - Drivers and pressures (Finland)
Nature protection and biodiversity - Drivers and Pressures
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Country assessments Finland
Figure Projected life cycle land use of fossil, nuclear and renewable electricity systems in 2030 (m2/GJel)
The graph illustrates that energy systems differ in the extent and complexity of their impacts by presenting the projected life cycle land use of fossil, nuclear and renewable electricity systems in 2030. To understand the implications of increased bioenergy production, it is important to recognise that the land used for energy cropping is a natural resource, comprising soil, minerals, water and biota. Where bioenergy involves energy cropping it often necessitates changes to land use, with significant implications for related systems as well Other renewable technologies do also use some land and so do fossil and nuclear systems but the area is comparatively small. Nevetheless these technologies have other limitations.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Phone: +45 3336 7100