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Sound and independent information
on the environment

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Figure Change in selected end user energy prices and taxes between 1991 and 2004 or 2005, EU-15
Price and tax changes are between 1991 and 2004 for gasoline and diesel and between 1991 and 2005 for electricity and gas
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
SOER Message Consumption and environment — key message 6
Achieving significant reductions in the environmental pressures related to consumption will require sophisticated policy packages, including regulatory and voluntary instruments, providing sustainable infrastructure, technological support; consumer education and information; and green public procurement. Getting the prices right through ecological tax reform could provide the critical fiscal element of such policy packages. Information to consumers is unlikely on its own to result in significant changes to consumption patterns.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Consumption and the environment - SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
Article chemical/x-pdb Cutting deficits and protecting the environment
Europeans consume more natural resources than Europe’s environment can produce. Our consumption undermines the capacity of European ecosystems to provide goods and services and puts severe strain on the global environment.
Located in Articles
Highlight Green budgets: the potential for economic instruments to power environmental change
The budget is one area where governments can influence our interaction with the environment – encouraging beneficial behaviour, and discouraging environmental destruction. As a conference on environmental fiscal reform opens at the European Environment Agency (EEA), we consider the potential for using financial carrots and sticks to improve the environment.
Located in News
Highlight Green fiscal reform can create jobs and stimulate innovation across the EU
Increasing some tax rates and removing subsidies on environmentally harmful products and services can boost economic growth if the revenue generated is then used to relieve the tax burden on employment and investment.
Located in News
Publication Land in Europe: prices, taxes and use patterns
Developments in land‑use patterns across Europe are generating considerable concern, particularly in relation to achievement of environmental goals. Land‑use trends — such as urban sprawl and land abandonment — are jeopardising the future for sustainable land use. Moreover, these trends endanger the achievement of European environmental goals in areas such as biodiversity protection and water management and also hinder the effectiveness of instruments in these areas, including the Natura 2000 network and the Water Framework Directive.
Located in Publications
Figure Prices of CO2 allowances from June 2003 until June 2005
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Share of environmental taxes in the total tax revenue in 1995 and 2005
The data for 2004 are only available for Portugal and Malta
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Share of taxes in the electricity prices paid by households in 2007
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Share of taxes in the gas prices paid by households in 2007
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100