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Press Release Europe's environment 2015: Future prosperity depends on bolder steps in policy, knowledge, investments and innovation
Europe's environment and climate policies have delivered substantial benefits, improving the environment and quality of life, while driving innovation, job creation and growth. Despite these gains, Europe still faces a range of persistent and growing environmental challenges. Addressing them will require fundamental changes in the systems of production and consumption that are the root cause of environmental problems.
Located in Media News
GIS Map Application Total phosphorus in lakes
The map shows the mean annual concentration of total phosphorus (TP), expressed as milligrams of TP per litre of water, observed in lakes and reservoirs monitoring stations and reported by EEA member countries via WISE. For most countries the mean annual value is based on observations over the whole year, whereas some countries only collect samples during the growing season (due to ice cover in winter). Total phosphorus includes all phosphorus components in water: phosphate, dissolved organic phosphorus and particulate phosphorus in algal and bacterial cells, as well as in mineral particles (e.g. clay). High or increased (compared to reference condition) concentration of total phosphorus represents a risk to normal functioning of lake ecosystems, causing eutrophication with potentially harmful or toxic algal blooms in the surface waters, reduced biodiversity, and oxygen deficiency in the bottom waters. The purpose of the map is to provide an overview of the mean annual value of total phosphorus in lakes and reservoirs across Europe and to enable the user to compare values per country, River Basin District (RBD) or individual monitoring station, depending on the scale of visualisation. Historical data since 1993 can be displayed using the time slider.
Located in Data and maps Interactive maps
GIS Map Application Nitrates in rivers
The map shows the mean annual concentration of nitrates (NO3), expressed as milligrams of NO3-N per litre of water, observed in river monitoring stations and reported by EEA member countries via WISE. For most countries the mean annual value is based on observations over the whole year, whereas some countries only collect samples during the growing season (due to ice cover in winter). Nitrates in excess can cause eutrophication in downstream coastal waters by stimulating excessive growth of algae and other aquatic plants (when nitrogen is the limiting factor for growth) and indirectly causing oxygen deficiency in the bottom waters and reduced biodiversity. High concentration of nitrates also represents a health risk in drinking water (the World Health Organization guideline for drinking water is less 10 mg NO3-N/L, which is the equivalent to approximately 50 mg NO3/L). The purpose of the map is to provide an overview of the mean annual value of nitrates in rivers across Europe and to enable the user to compare values per country, River Basin District (RBD) or individual monitoring station, depending on the scale of visualisation. Historical data since 1993 can be displayed using the time slider.
Located in Data and maps Interactive maps
GIS Map Application Water quantity monitoring stations
The map shows the location of the water quantity monitoring stations reported by EEA member countries via WISE SoE reporting. Streamflow gauging stations represent points where river discharge (streamflow) is measured (in cubic metres per second) on a daily time step. The purpose of the map is to provide an overview of the density and coverage of streamflow monitoring networks across Europe.
Located in Data and maps Interactive maps
GIS Map Application Ammonium in groundwater
The map shows the mean annual concentrations of ammonium (NH4+), expressed as milligrams of NO2-N per litre of water, observed in groundwater monitoring stations and reported by EEA member countries via WISE. The purpose of the map is to provide an overview of the mean annual value of ammonium in groundwater across Europe and to enable the user to compare values per country or per groundwater body, depending on the scale of visualisation. Historical data since 2000 can be displayed using the time slider, and different horizons can be selected using the layers menu.
Located in Data and maps Interactive maps
GIS Map Application Orthophosphates in rivers
The map shows the mean annual concentration of orthophosphates (OP), expressed as milligrams of PO4-P per litre of water, observed in river monitoring stations and reported by EEA member countries via WISE. For most countries the mean annual value is based on observations over the whole year, whereas some countries only collect samples during the growing season (due to ice cover in winter). High or increased (compared to reference condition) concentration of phosphates represents a risk to normal functioning of river ecosystems, causing eutrophication with potentially excessive growth of benthic algae or other aquatic vegetation, oxygen deficiency in the bottom substrate and reduced biodiversity. The purpose of the map is to provide an overview of the mean annual value of orthophosphates in rivers across Europe and to enable the user to compare values per country, River Basin District (RBD) or individual monitoring station, depending on the scale of visualisation. Historical data since 1993 can be displayed using the time slider.
Located in Data and maps Interactive maps
GIS Map Application Ammonium in rivers
The map shows the mean annual concentration of total ammonium (TA), expressed as milligrams of N-NH4 per litre of water, observed in river monitoring stations and reported by EEA member countries via WISE. For most countries the mean annual value is based on observations over the whole year, whereas some countries only collect samples during the growing season (due to ice cover in winter). Total ammonium concentration can increase as a result of discharges from waste water treatment plants, industrial effluents and agricultural runoff. Ammonium exerts a demand on oxygen in water as it is transformed to oxidised forms of nitrogen. It is also an important nitrogenous fertilizer for aquatic plants, so it can cause eutrophication and indirectly reduce the dissolved oxygen due to increased BOD. In addition it is toxic to aquatic life at certain concentrations in relation to water temperature, salinity and pH. For example ammonium hydroxide in water is extremely toxic to fish and aquatic life at elevated pH levels. It can also pollute drinking water and bathing water. The purpose of the map is to provide an overview of the mean annual value of total ammonium in rivers across Europe and to enable the user to compare values per country or individual monitoring station, depending on the scale of visualisation. Historical data since 1993 can be displayed using the time slider.
Located in Data and maps Interactive maps
GIS Map Application Macrophytes in lakes
The map shows the ecological status or potential of European lakes and reservoirs, expressed using a specific biological quality element (BQE), namely macrophytes, reported by EEA member countries via WISE. The ecological status class is assessed by each country according to their national classification system, following the principles established by the Water Framework Directive (WFD). The assessment may be based by one or more samples taken during the year of reporting. The map displays the latest reported information under the WISE SoE reporting, so the year of reference may vary. Note that under the WFD reporting, the ecological status or potential based on all BQEs combined is represented by the BQE with the worst class - the "one-out-all-out" principle - which does not apply here, given that only one BQE is represented and that the reporting is done annually. The purpose of the map to enable the user to compare values per country or per monitoring station, depending on the scale of visualisation.
Located in Data and maps Interactive maps
GIS Map Application BOD in rivers
The map shows the mean annual value of BOD observed in river monitoring stations since 1993, reported by EEA member countries via WISE. BOD (Biological Oxygen Demand or Biochemical Oxygen Demand) is the amount of dissolved oxygen, expressed in milligrams of oxygen per litre of water, consumed by micro-organisms to decompose the organic matter present in water. BOD is commonly reported as BOD5, the amount of oxygen consumed over a 5-day period of incubation. Some countries report BOD7, the amount of oxygen consumed over a 7-day period. For comparability, the values of BOD7 are converted to BOD5 (BOD7 = 1.16 BOD5). Large quantities of organic matter (microbes and decaying organic waste) in water are a potential risk to aquatic ecosystems and human health. The reduction in the amount of dissolved oxygen as a result of the decomposition of organic matter can endanger aquatic life through asphyxiation and disrupt the ecological balance of the water. Organic matter can also pollute drinking water and bathing water. High levels of BOD can indicate such organic pollution. The purpose of the map is to provide an overview of the mean annual value of BOD in rivers across Europe and to enable the user to compare values per country, River Basin District (RBD) or individual monitoring station, depending on the scale of visualisation. Historical data since 1992 can be displayed using the time slider.
Located in Data and maps Interactive maps
GIS Map Application Nitrites in groundwater
The map shows the mean annual concentrations of nitrites (NO2), expressed as milligrams of NO2-N per litre of water, observed in groundwater monitoring stations and reported by EEA member countries via WISE. The purpose of the map is to provide an overview of the mean annual value of nitrites in groundwater across Europe and to enable the user to compare values per country or per groundwater body, depending on the scale of visualisation. Historical data since 2000 can be displayed using the time slider, and different horizons can be selected using the layers menu.
Located in Data and maps Interactive maps
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100