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Figure Real change in transport prices by mode in the EU‑27
Evolution of Transport Prices for Consumers (index 2005 = 100))
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Water pricing and household water use in Spain and Estonia
(left) The graph shows the development of average prices for drinking water supply and water consumption of households in Spain. (right) The graph shows the development of average prices for water supply for human consumption in Estonia.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication Consumption and the environment — 2012 update
Update to the European Environment State and Outlook 2010 (SOER 2010) thematic assessment
Located in Publications
Figure Road transport fuel prices (including taxes) in EU Member States
Road transport fuel prices (including taxes) in EU Member States. Definitions: * ‘All petrol’ is a consumption-weighted average price of both leaded and unleaded fuel, corrected using energy-content to the equivalent amount of unleaded petrol. * ‘All fuel, unleaded petrol equivalent’ is a consumption-weighted average price of unleaded, leaded petrol and diesel, corrected using energy content to the equivalent amount of unleaded petrol. * ‘Nominal’ is the price with no adjustment for inflation. * ‘Real’ is the price corrected for inflation, using 2005 as the baseline year. * ‘Average, all fuel, unleaded petrol equivalent (real, weighted by consumption)’ is the consumption-weighted average of the ‘All fuel, unleaded petrol equivalent (real)’ line across the full time series.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Real price indices of passenger transport based on a fixed transport product in the EU 25 Member States (2005=100)
Real change in passenger and freight transport prices by mode, relative to average consumer prices (CP00). Data for entire EU-27 are available. However, very low consumer price indices in Romania and Bulgaria prior to their accession distort the weighted average and hence have been excluded.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Water pricing and household water use in Spain Water pricing and household water use in Estonia
The graph shows the development of average prices for drinking water supply and water consumption of households in Spain. The graph shows the development of average prices for water supply for human consumption in Estonia.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Indexed consumer prices for passenger transport, EU-27, 1998-2009
The Figure shows the development of consumer prices for different modes of passenger transport in EU-27 in the period 1998-2009. The prices are calculated as HICP-values (see methodology section below).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Cost of oil production
Production cost comparison between arctic oil, deep and ultra-deepwater oil, heavy oil and bitumen, conventional oil
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Price of fossil fuels and metals
Fuel price index and metals price index evolution from 1980 to 2010
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
SOER Message Consumption and environment — key message 6
Achieving significant reductions in the environmental pressures related to consumption will require sophisticated policy packages, including regulatory and voluntary instruments, providing sustainable infrastructure, technological support; consumer education and information; and green public procurement. Getting the prices right through ecological tax reform could provide the critical fiscal element of such policy packages. Information to consumers is unlikely on its own to result in significant changes to consumption patterns.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Consumption and the environment - SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100