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Indicator Assessment Renewable gross final energy consumption (ENER 028) - Assessment published Aug 2011
In 2008, the share of renewable energy in final gross energy consumption (with normalised hydro and wind) [1] in the EU-27 was 10.4 % (up from 6% in 1990, 7.6 % in 2000), representing half of the 20 % target set in the EU directive on renewable energy for 2020. Renewable energies represented in 2008, 11.8% of total final heat consumption (up from 6.3% in 1990, 9% in 2000), 17% of electricity consumption (up from 12% in 1990, 13.8% in 2000) and 3.4% of transport fuels consumption (up from 0.02% in 1993) [2] [1] Gross final consumption of energy is defined in Directive 2009/28/EC on renewable sources as energy commodities delivered for energy purposes to final consumers (industry, transport, households, services, agriculture, forestry and fisheries), including the consumption of electricity and heat by the energy branch for electricity and heat production and including losses of electricity and heat in distribution and transmission. [2] The gross final consumption of energy from renewable sources is calculated as the sum of: (a) gross final consumption of electricity from renewable energy sources; (b) gross final consumption of energy from renewable sources for heating and cooling; and (c) final consumption of energy from renewable sources in transport.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Renewable gross final energy consumption
Figure Contribution of renewable energy sources to primary energy consumption in the EU-27
The contribution of renewable energy sources to gross energy inland consumption (GEIC) increased in the EU-27 from 4.4 % in 1990 to 8.4 % in 2008. For the EU-15, the share of renewables in total gross inland consumption accounted for 8.6%, in 2008, falling substantially short of the indicative target set in the White Paper on renewable energy (COM(97) 599 final) of 12 % by 2010
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Summaries the overall picture of the energy system in the EU (Mtoe)
The figure is a Sankey diagram which shows the composition of the primary energy entering the energy system of the EU-27 in 2011, and where this primary energy was used, either as losses or as consumption by specific sectors of the economy.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Trends in total energy intensity, gross domestic product and total energy consumption, EU-27
Total energy consumption in the EU-27 grew at an average annual rate of 0.4 % over the period from 1990 to 2008, while Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in constant prices grew at an average annual rate of 2.1 % during the same period. As a result, total energy intensity in the EU-27 fell at an average rate of 1.6 % per year.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Total energy intensity 1995-2008 (index 1995=100), relative energy intensity (as PPS) and per capita consumption
There are significant differences in total energy intensity within the EU-27 Member States, with the highest values in Bulgaria, Estonia and Finland – due to the presence of large energy intensive industries like steel and cement industries and the lowest in Ireland, Italy, Portugal and Malta (when compared at Purchasing Power Standards) - partly explained by a relatively large services sector and small industry sector.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure % change in household final energy consumption per person, 1990-2008
Based on the ratio : energy consumption / population (%/year calculated on the period 1990-2008)
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Figure Influence of climate on household energy consumption per dwelling
Influence of climate on household energy consumption per dwelling between 1990 and 2008.
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Figure % change in industry final energy consumption per capita (1990-2008)
Based on the ratio : energy consumption / population (%/year calculated on the period 1990-2008)
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Figure Contribution of renewable energy sources to primary energy consumption in the EU-27
Contribution of renewable energy sources to primary energy consumption in the EU-27
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Correlation of energy consumption and GDP per person
The graph shows per capita energy consumption (kg oil equivalent) vs. per capita GDP, PPP (current international $). The size of the bubbles denotes total poulation per country. All values refer to the year 2011.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100