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Figure Nitrate concentrations in rivers between 1992 and 2008 in different geographical regions of Europe.
The data series per region are calculated as the average of the annual mean for river monitoring stations in the region. Only complete series after inter/extrapolation are included (see indicator specification). The number of river monitoring stations included per geographical region is given in parentheses.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD5) and total ammonium concentrations in rivers between 1992 and 2009
Concentrations are expressed as the average of annual mean concentrations. Up to 3-year gaps of missing values have been interpolated or extrapolated. Only complete series with no missing values after this interpolation/extrapolation are included. The number of river monitoring stations included in the analysis is noted in brackets. BOD7 data has been recalculated into BOD5 data.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Total ammonium concentrations in rivers between 1992 and 2009 in different geographical regions of Europe
Concentrations are expressed as the average of annual mean concentrations. Up to 3-year gaps of missing values have been interpolated or extrapolated. Only complete series with no missing values after this interpolation/extrapolation are included (see indicator specification). The number of river monitoring stations included in the analysis per geographic region is noted in brackets.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
GIS Map Application Ammonium in rivers
The map shows the mean annual concentration of total ammonium (TA), expressed as milligrams of N-NH4 per litre of water, observed in river monitoring stations and reported by EEA member countries via WISE. For most countries the mean annual value is based on observations over the whole year, whereas some countries only collect samples during the growing season (due to ice cover in winter). Total ammonium concentration can increase as a result of discharges from waste water treatment plants, industrial effluents and agricultural runoff. Ammonium exerts a demand on oxygen in water as it is transformed to oxidised forms of nitrogen. It is also an important nitrogenous fertilizer for aquatic plants, so it can cause eutrophication and indirectly reduce the dissolved oxygen due to increased BOD. In addition it is toxic to aquatic life at certain concentrations in relation to water temperature, salinity and pH. For example ammonium hydroxide in water is extremely toxic to fish and aquatic life at elevated pH levels. It can also pollute drinking water and bathing water. The purpose of the map is to provide an overview of the mean annual value of total ammonium in rivers across Europe and to enable the user to compare values per country or individual monitoring station, depending on the scale of visualisation. Historical data since 1993 can be displayed using the time slider.
Located in Data and maps Interactive maps
GIS Map Application Orthophosphates in rivers
The map shows the mean annual concentration of orthophosphates (OP), expressed as milligrams of PO4-P per litre of water, observed in river monitoring stations and reported by EEA member countries via WISE. For most countries the mean annual value is based on observations over the whole year, whereas some countries only collect samples during the growing season (due to ice cover in winter). High or increased (compared to reference condition) concentration of phosphates represents a risk to normal functioning of river ecosystems, causing eutrophication with potentially excessive growth of benthic algae or other aquatic vegetation, oxygen deficiency in the bottom substrate and reduced biodiversity. The purpose of the map is to provide an overview of the mean annual value of orthophosphates in rivers across Europe and to enable the user to compare values per country, River Basin District (RBD) or individual monitoring station, depending on the scale of visualisation. Historical data since 1993 can be displayed using the time slider.
Located in Data and maps Interactive maps
GIS Map Application Water quality monitoring station density
The map shows the density of water quality monitoring stations, reported by EEA member countries via WISE SoE reporting. The density of river monitoring stations is represented per national River Basin District (RBD). Note that the set of monitoring stations used by Member States to assess the chemical and ecological status of river water bodies under the Water Framework Directive may not be the same set of stations used for the annual WISE SoE water quality reporting. Historical data since 1992 can be displayed using the time slider.
Located in Data and maps Interactive maps
Figure Phosphorus concentrations in rivers (orthophosphate) between 1992 and 2011 in different geographical regions of Europe.
The data series per region are calculated as the average of the annual mean concentrations for river monitoring stations in the region. Only complete series after inter/extrapolation are included (see indicator specification). The number of river monitoring stations included per geographical region is given in parentheses
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Proportion of classified water bodies in different RBDs affected by hydromorphological pressures, for rivers and lakes (left panel) and for coastal and transitional waters (right panel)
The percentage is based on total number of classified water bodies. See the indicator specification for more details.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Daviz Visualization Nitrate concentrations in rivers between 1992 and 2011 in different sea regions of Europe.
Located in Data and maps Data visualisation
Daviz Visualization Phosphorus concentrations in rivers (orthophosphate) in different geographical regions of Europe.
Located in Data and maps Data visualisation
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100