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Highlight Has policy improved Europe's air quality?
In recent decades, the EU has introduced a range of policies to improve air quality by controlling pollutant emissions. A new report by the European Environment Agency (EEA) evaluates three key instruments and finds that they have significantly improved Europe's air quality and reduced pollution-induced health effects. There is scope for even more progress, however, if countries achieve all their binding commitments to reduce emissions.
Located in News
Figure Percentage of population exposed to NO2 annual concentrations in urban areas, 1997-2009 (EU-27)
The annual mean limit value is 40 µg NO2/m3 and to be met by 2010. Over the years 1997-2009 the total population, for which exposure estimates are made, increased from 54 to 118 million people due to an increasing number of monitoring stations reporting air quality data under the Exchange of Information Decision. Year-to-year variations in exposure classes are partly caused by the changes in spatial coverage. Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Cyprus, Luxembourg and Malta, are not included due to the geographical coverage of the Urban Audit.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure 4th highest 24-hour mean SO2 concentration observed at urban stations, 1997-2009 (EU-27)
Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, Luxembourg and Malta, are not included due to the geographical coverage of the Urban Audit.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Data Visualization Annual mean of the daily maximum 8 hours-average ozone concentrations by station type
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Figure 36th highest 24-hour mean PM10 concentration observed at urban background stations, 2001-2010 (EU-27)
Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Greece and Malta are not included due to missing availability of operational urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations in the Urban Audit cities.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Annual mean NO2 concentration observed at urban background stations, 2001-2010 (EU-27)
Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Cyprus and Malta are not included due to missing availability of operational urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations in the Urban Audit cities.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Percentage of urban population resident in areas for days per year with ozone concentrations over the long-term objective for protection of human health, 2001-2010 (EU-27)
The target value is 120 µg O3/m3 as daily maximum of 8 hour mean, not to be exceeded more than 25 days per calendar year, averaged over three years and to be achieved where possible by 2010. Over the years 2001-2010 the total population for which exposure estimates are made, increased from 87 to 115 million people due to an increasing number of monitoring stations reporting under the Exchange of Information Decision. Year-to-year variations in exposure classes are partly caused by the changes in spatial coverage. Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Cyprus is not included due to missing availability of operational urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations in the Urban Audit cities.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Data Visualization Percentage of the EU urban population exposed to air pollution exceeding WHO air quality guidelines
The figure shows percentage of the EU urban population exposed to air pollution exceeding WHO air quality guidelines
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Data Visualization Emission trends for the main air pollutants, PM, HMs and POPs
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Publication NEC Directive status report 2009
Reporting by the Member States under Directive 2001/81/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2001 on national emission ceilings for certain atmospheric pollutants.
Located in Publications
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100