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Figure Cost estimates on final disposal (million euros)
Estimated operational costs range from €ct1,2/kWhe to €2,0/kWhe, including dismantling and waste disposal. Costs for insurance may make up 30% of total operational costs. The table shows the cost estimates for final disposal of spent fuel in Finland (5,600 tonnes HM).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Average annual percentage change in final electricity consumption, EU-27, 1990-2009
Average annual percentage change in final electricity consumption, EU-27, 1990-2009
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Specification Efficiency of conventional thermal electricity and heat production
The energy efficiency of conventional thermal electricity production (which includes both public plants and autoproducers) is defined as the ratio of transformation outputs from conventional thermal power stations ( electricity and heat) to transformation input to conventional thermal power stations (%).  The output from conventional thermal power stations consists of gross electricity generation and also of any heat sold to third parties (Combined heat and power plants) by conventional thermal public power stations (public or main activity), district heating, and autoproducer thermal power stations. The gross electricity generation is measured at the outlet of the main transformers, i.e. the consumption of electricity in the plant auxiliaries and in transformers is included. Public supply is defined as undertakings which generate electricity (and heat) for sale to third parties as their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings which generate electricity wholly or partly for their use as an activity which supports their primary activity (e.g. industrial processes). Fuel inputs include solid fuels (i.e. coal, lignite and equivalents), oil and other liquid hydrocarbons, gas, thermal renewables (industrial and municipal waste, wood waste, biogas and geothermal energy) and other non-renewable waste.
Located in Data and maps Indicators
Policy Document Ecodesign Directive
DIRECTIVE 2009/125/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 21 October 2009 establishing a framework for the setting of ecodesign requirements for energy-related products
Located in Environmental policy document catalogue
Figure Share of electricity production by fuel type, 1990-2008 (%), EU-27
The total electricity produced from natural gas increased by 592 TWh (274 %) between 1990 and 2008, at an annual average growth rate of 7.6 %. The primary motive for the switch to gas was economic, with low gas prices for much of the 1990s compared to coal and stricter environmental legislation. Because of this, significant investments were made in the transportation infrastructure for the delivery of gas from within and outside the EU-27. This rapid increased in gas demand also contributed to the increase in fossil fuels imports.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Share of renewable energy to final energy consumption, 1993-2008
The share of renewable energy in final energy consumption in the EU-27 reached 10.4% in 2008, which is representing about half of the target for 2020
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Annual average growth rates in renewable energy consumption (%), EU-27
The figure shows the annual average growth rates in renewable energy consumption (%), EU-27
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Variation of final energy intensity in EU and EEA countries, 1990-2008
The figure shows the variation of final energy intensity (the ratio between the final energy consumption and the GDP) in EU and EEA countries
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication Catalogue of forward-looking indicators from selected sources; A contribution to the forward-looking component of a shared environmental information system (SEIS/Forward)
Work on reviewing the availability of forward-looking indicators started in 2005, with the aim of enhancing their use in European environmental assessments. This work has resulted in an overview of the availability of forward-looking information (scenarios and indicators) across all themes and with various geographical coverage.
Located in Publications
Publication Europe's environment — The fourth assessment
Located in Publications
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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