Personal tools

next
previous
items

Skip to content. | Skip to navigation

Sound and independent information
on the environment

241 items matching your search terms.
Filter the results.
Item type























































































New items since



Sort by relevance · date (newest first) · alphabetically
Figure Rate of change of global average temperature, 1850–2013 (in ºC per decade)
Rates of change of global average temperature (1850 to 2013) in ºC per decade, based on 10-year running average of the 3 datasets: 1) Black line - HadCRUT4 from the UK Met Office Hadley Centre and University of East Anglia Climate Research Unit, baseline period 1850-1899 (Morice et al. 2012), 2) Red line – MLOST from the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Climatic Data Centre, baseline period 1880-1899 (Smith et al., 2008), and 3) Blue line - GISSTemp from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Goddard Institute for Space Studies, baseline period 1880-1899 (Hansen et al., 2010).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Global and European temperature (CSI 012/CLIM 001/CLIM 003) - Assessment published Aug 2014
Global Three independent long records of global average near-surface (land and ocean) annual temperature show that the decade between 2004 and 2013 was 0.75 °C to 0.81 °C warmer than the pre-industrial average. The rate of change in global average temperature has been close to the indicative limit of 0.2°C per decade in recent decades. Variations of global mean near-surface temperature on decadal time scales are strongly influenced by natural factors. Over the last 10-15 years global near-surface temperature rise has been slower than in previous decades. This recent slow-down in surface warming is due in roughly equal measure to reduced radiative forcing from natural factors (volcanic eruptions and solar activity) and to a cooling contribution from internal variability within the climate system (the redistribution of heat to the deeper ocean). The Arctic region has warmed significantly more rapidly than the global mean, and this pattern is projected to continue into the future. The best estimate for further rises in global average temperature over this century is from 1.0 to 3.7°C above the period 1971-2000 for the lowest and highest representative concentration pathway (RCP) scenarios. The uncertainty ranges for the lowest and highest RCP are 0.3–1.7°C and 2.6–4.8°C, respectively. The EU and UNFCCC target of limiting global average temperature increase to less than 2°C above the pre-industrial levels is projected to be exceeded between 2042 and 2050 by the three highest of the four IPCC scenarios (RCPs). Europe Annual average temperature across the European land areas has warmed more than global average temperature, and slightly more than global land temperature. The average temperature for the European land area for the last decade (2004–2013) is 1.3°C above the pre-industrial level, which makes it the warmest decade on record. Annual average land temperature over Europe is projected to continue increasing by more than global average temperature over the rest of this century, by around 2.4 °C and 4.1 °C under RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 respectively. Extremes of cold have become less frequent in Europe while warm extremes have become more frequent. Since 1880 the average length of summer heat waves over western Europe doubled and the frequency of hot days almost tripled.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Global and European temperature
Figure Trends in warm days across Europe
How to read the map: Warm days are defined as being above the 90th percentile of the daily maximum temperature. Grid boxes outlined in solid black contain at least 3 stations and so are likely to be more representative of the grid-box. Higher confidence in the long-term trend is shown by a black dot. Area averaged annual time series of percentage changes and trend lines are shown below each map for one area in northern Europe (Green line, 5.6 to 16.9 E and 56.2 to 66.2 N) and one in south-western Europe (Pink line, 350.6 to 1.9 E and 36.2 to 43.7 N).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Projected change in GHG emissions (CO2 eq/capita) from 2000 to 2020, based on national communications on climate change, baseline scenario (% change)
International comparisons
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Projected percentage change in greenhouse gas emissions as CO2-equivalents per capita, 2000-2020
International comparisons
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Potential alcohol level at harvest for Riesling in Alsace (France) 1972-2003
The figure shows the potential alcohol level at harvest for Riesling in Alsace
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Overall development 1990-2005 in the 32 EEA member countries of net annual increment in growing stock and annual fellings of forest available for wood supply
This graph shows the overall development of net annual increment in growing stock and annual fellings of forest available for wood supply in 1990-2005 in the 32 EEA member countries
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure C source code Change in frequency of summer days in Europe, in the period 1976-1999 (days with temperatures above 25 oC)
Positive values indicate increase and negative values indicate decrease of annaul summer days per decade
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Contribution to total change in acidifying pollutant emissions for each sector and pollutant (EU-27 - EU-15).
Contribution to change plots show the contribution to the total emission change between 1990-2005 made by a specified sector/ pollutant
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Observed changes in growing season length
Note: Observed data from the International Phenological Gardens in Europe except France, the Iberian peninsula, mid and southern Italy, and Greece.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100