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Figure D source code World energy demand
Total primary energy demand by fuel type (coal, oil, gas, nuclear, hydroelectric, biomass and waste, other renewable). Distinguishing 2 scenario for 2020 and 2035: IEA-450 scenario and current policies scenario.
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Figure Drivers of direct CO2 emissions from EU households, 1990–2008
Final energy consumption, fuel consumption, fossil fuel consumption and CO2 emissions are temperature corrected. Indirect emissions, related to the production of public electricity or heat used by households, are not included.
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Figure Greenhouse gas emissions (Kyoto gases) by sector (%) in EU-27, 2008
Annual emissions of CO2, CH4, N2O, HFC, PFC and SF6 in the UNFCCC reporting format are converted to their global warming potential GWP (100 year time horizon) for addition and comparison with the Kyoto Protocol targets: 1 t CH4 = 21 t CO2-equivalent, 1 t N2O = 310 t CO2-equivalent, 1 t SF6 = 23 900 t CO2-equivalent. HFCs and PFCs have a wide range of GWPs depending on the gas and emissions are already reported in tonnes CO2-equivalent. International transport emissions (Memo items: international aviation and international maritime transport) are shown in the chart because they are the fastest growing source of emissions in the EU. They are however not included in the national totals reported as part of the national greenhouse gas inventories under the UNFCCC.
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Figure Changes (%) in emissions of ozone precursors by source category, 1990-2008, EEA-32
The figure shows the emissions methane CH4; carbon monoxide CO; non-methane volatile organic compounds NMVOCs; and nitrogen oxides NOx.
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Publication Troff document European Union emission inventory report 1990 — 2008 under the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP)
This document is the European Union emission inventory report under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP). It includes information on the formal institutional arrangements that underpin the European Union's emission inventory, emission trends for the EU‑27 and Member States, and the contribution of important individual emission sources to total emissions, sector group emission trends for key pollutants, information on recalculations and future planned improvements.
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Figure Octet Stream Emissions intensity of public conventional thermal power production, EEA-32
The emissions intensity of conventional public thermal power production is the level of Carbon dioxide (CO2), Sulphur dioxide (SO2) or Nitrogen oxides (NOX) emissions per unit of power (electricity and heat) produced by public thermal power stations. The emission intensities are calculated as the ratio of CO2, SO2 and NOX emissions from public power production to the output of electricity and heat from public conventional thermal power production. Public thermal power stations generate electricity and/or heat for sale to third parties, as their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. No data are available for Luxembourg and so data for this country is not included in the chart.
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Figure Share of combined heat and power in gross electricity production in 2002
The method for data collection by Eurostat on CHP was revised in 2000 and 2002 and has tended to decrease the overall share of electricity from CHP
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Figure (a) Volume of oil spilled per cause (b) type of causes of accidents (for accidents above 7 tonnes per spill) in European Seas, 1990-2007
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Figure text/texmacs Share of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption in EU-27 in 2006 (and 2010 indicative targets)
Large hydro: hydropower stations with a capacity higher than 10 MW
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Figure Efficiency (electricity and heat) production from public conventional thermal plants, 1990 and 2005
Efficiency is defined as output divided by total fuel input to public conventional thermal plants
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European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100