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GIS Map Application Total phosphorus in lakes
The map shows the mean annual concentration of total phosphorus (TP), expressed as milligrams of TP per litre of water, observed in lakes and reservoirs monitoring stations and reported by EEA member countries via WISE. For most countries the mean annual value is based on observations over the whole year, whereas some countries only collect samples during the growing season (due to ice cover in winter). Total phosphorus includes all phosphorus components in water: phosphate, dissolved organic phosphorus and particulate phosphorus in algal and bacterial cells, as well as in mineral particles (e.g. clay). High or increased (compared to reference condition) concentration of total phosphorus represents a risk to normal functioning of lake ecosystems, causing eutrophication with potentially harmful or toxic algal blooms in the surface waters, reduced biodiversity, and oxygen deficiency in the bottom waters. The purpose of the map is to provide an overview of the mean annual value of total phosphorus in lakes and reservoirs across Europe and to enable the user to compare values per country, River Basin District (RBD) or individual monitoring station, depending on the scale of visualisation. Historical data since 1993 can be displayed using the time slider.
Located in Data and maps Interactive maps
Highlight chemical/x-pdb Water quality and wastewater treatment — WISE interactive maps updated
A series of maps on water quality, updated with the latest information reported by countries, has been published by the European Environment Agency (EEA). The maps display water quality parameters in various receiving waters across Europe, alongside information on urban wastewater treatment and receiving areas sensitive to eutrophication.
Located in News
Publication text/x-sh Hazardous substances in Europe's fresh and marine waters — An overview
Chemicals are an essential part of our daily lives and are used to produce consumer goods, to protect or restore our health and to boost food production, to name but a few examples. Some chemicals, however, are hazardous, raising concerns for the environment and human health. Hazardous substances are emitted to fresh and marine waters via a number of pathways and can have detrimental effects on aquatic biota. Humans can be exposed to hazardous substances in water through the ingestion of contaminated drinking water and the consumption of contaminated freshwater fish and seafood. A wide range of legislation now exists in Europe to address the release of hazardous substances to the environment, including water. New challenges exist, however, including the issues of chemical mixtures and emerging pollutants.
Located in Publications
Data Waterbase - Transitional, coastal and marine waters
Waterbase is the generic name given to the EEA databases on the status and quality of Europes rivers, lakes, groundwater bodies and transitional, coastal and marine waters, and on the quantity of Europes water resources
Located in Data and maps Datasets
Figure C source code Historical development of the biotic community and average oxygen levels of the River Rhine near Emmerich and the Elbe near Magdeburg
Historical development of the biotic community and average oxygen levels of the River Rhine near Emmesrich and the Elbe near Magdeburg
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Data File QA documentation
Quality control documentation briefly presents ETC/ICM and EEA activities focused on quality of Waterbase-Lakes dataset and results of these activities. In addition warning is given on the use of certain records for analytical purposes.
Located in Data and maps Waterbase - Lakes QA documentation
Data Waterbase - Lakes
Waterbase is the generic name given to the EEA's databases on the status and quality of Europe's rivers, lakes, groundwater bodies and transitional, coastal and marine waters, and on the quantity of Europe's water resources
Located in Data and maps Datasets
Data Waterbase - Emissions to water
Emissions to water are an important element (describing the pressure) in assessment of the state of Europe’s environment (SoE). This database contains data on emissions of nutrients and hazardous substances to water, aggregated within River Basin Districts (RBDs), in the EEA member countries. The reporting process, endorsed by the Water Directors, and this publication of the data, enables all stakeholders to use the data and contributes to streamlining with other reporting processes.
Located in Data and maps Datasets
Publication Quality of bathing water — 2009 bathing season
Annual summary report of bathing water quality in EU Member States.
Located in Publications
Publication Impacts of Europe's changing climate - 2008 indicator-based assessment
Located in Publications
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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