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Figure Gross electricity production by fuel, EU-27
The total volume of electricity produced from renewable sources increased by 288 TWh between 1990 and 2008: this represents an increase of 87.2 % (3.5 %/year on average). From 1990 to 2003, the share of renewable in the electricity production remained quite stable (13-14%); from 2003 to 2008 this share has increased from 13.9% to 18.4%. Most of this increase can be attributed to Germany, Sweden, France, Spain and Italy with a respective share of 17.7%, 13.3%, 13.1%, 11.1% and 10.7% in the EU-27 electricity production from renewable. From 2003 to 2008, electricity production from renewable has increased by 6.4% per year in the EU-27, with an annual growth rate of 15.1% for Denmark, 13.4% for Netherlands, 9.0%/year for Germany and 8.0%/year for Ireland from 1990. Substantial growth will be required to meet the indicative EU-27 target of a 20 % share of renewable in final energy consumption by 2020 (see also ENER030 and ENER029).
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Figure Share of Renewable Energy to Final Energy Consumption with normalised for hydro, EU27
Share of Renewable Energy to Final Energy Consumption with normalised for hydro, EU27. In 2009 the European Commission adopted a new directive on renewable energy (2009/28/EC). The new Directive on renewable energy sets an ambitious target for the EU-27 of 20% share of energy from renewable sources in final energy consumption by 2020 and a 10% share of renewable energy in the transport sector (in each Member State). In 2008, five countries have reached 75% of their targets for 2020: Sweden is the closest with 89% of the target in 2008 (share of 43.6% compared to a target of 49%), followed by Romania (85%), Austria (82%), Estonia (76%) and Latvia (75%)
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Figure Total primary energy consumption by energy source in 2008, EU-27
The figure shows the total primary energy consumption by energy source in 2008. The contribution of renewable energy sources to gross energy inland consumption (GEIC) increased in the EU-27 from 4.4 % in 1990 to 8.4 % in 2008. For the EU-15, the share of renewables in total gross inland consumption accounted for 8.6%, in 2008, falling substantially short of the indicative target set in the White Paper on renewable energy (COM(97) 599 final) of 12 % by 2010
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Figure Changes (%) in energy related emissions of pollutants contributing to acid deposition by source category, 1990-2008, EEA32
The figure shows the emissions of asulphur dioxide SO2, nitrogen oxides NOx and ammonia NH3
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Figure Total final energy consumption by sector in the EU-27, 1990-2010
Consists of 5 figures that show the total final energy consumption, final energy consumption of petroleum products, final energy consumption of electricity, final energy consumption of natural gas and final energy consumption of solid fuel, all by sector in the EU-27.
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Figure Trends in total energy intensity, gross domestic product and total energy consumption, EU-27
The figure shows the trends in total energy intensity, gross domestic product and total energy consumption.
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Figure EU Electricity production from nuclear (percentages relative to 1990 level)
EU Electricity production from nuclear (percentages relative to 1990 level). Spent fuels arisings: Data for Bulgaria is not included due to a lack of information. No 2008 and 2009 data available for Lithuania, Romania, Slovenia and Sweden, so 2007 data rolled. Lithuania closed its last nuclear reactor at the end of 2009.
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Figure Numbers of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Facilities operational in 2011
Reprocessing is an important part of the fuel cycle within the European nuclear fuel industry, as illustrated by the share of European reprocessing facilities to the global total number of facilities. Europe imports most of the uranium consumed by its nuclear power plants as ore, having very little mining production in the region itself
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Figure Final electricity consumption by sector, EU-27
Final electricity consumption by sector, EU-27. Influenced by the liberalisation of the power market, electricity prices decreased during the 1990s but they have started to rise again in the last few years
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Figure Average annual growth rate in electricity consumption by sector, 1990-2009, 2005-2009 and 2008-2009, EU-27
Average annual growth rate in electricity consumption by sector, 1990-2009, 2005-2009 and 2008-2009 in EU-27
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European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100