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Figure Households' final energy consumption per capita in EEA member countries, 2005 and 2010
The graph shows the average per capita final energy consumption of households in 2005 and 2010, divided into electricity consumption and other energy types
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure D source code Annual consumption of meat and dairy products, 2004–2006 levels and 2016 projections
Annual consumption of meat and dairy products, 2004–2006 levels and 2016 projections
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication chemical/x-pdb Consumption and the environment - SOER 2010 thematic assessment
The consumption of goods and services in EEA member countries is a major driver of global resource use and associated environmental impacts. Growth in global trade is resulting in an increasing share of environmental pressures and impacts from European consumption taking place beyond Europe. Food and drink, housing, mobility and tourism are responsible for a large part of the pressures and impacts caused by consumption in the EU. Achieving significant reductions in environmental pressures and impacts will require changing private and public consumption patterns, to supplement gains achieved through better technology and improved production processes.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Thematic assessments
Publication Material resources and waste — SOER 2010 thematic assessment
The European economy needs huge amounts of resources to function. Apart from consuming minerals, metals, concrete and wood, Europe burns fossil fuels and uses land to satisfy the needs of its citizens. Demand for materials is so intense that between 20 and 30 % of the resources we use are now imported. At the other end of the materials chain, the EU economy generates around six tons of waste per person every year. With the boom in international trade, EU consumption and production may potentially damage ecosystems and human health not only within but also far beyond its borders.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Thematic assessments
SOER Key fact Consumption and the environment - key fact 1
Private consumption expenditure grew by 35 % in the EU-27 Member States between 1990 and 2007 with the greatest growth in the EU-12 Member States (75 %).
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Consumption and the environment - SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key facts
SOER Key fact Consumption and the environment - key fact 2
One-person households consume, on average, 38 % more products, 42 % more packaging and 55 % more electricity per person than four-person households.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Consumption and the environment - SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key facts
SOER Message Consumption and environment — key message 1
Consumption of goods and services in the EEA member countries is a major driver of global resource use – and associated environmental impacts – as the levels of European demand exceed the continent’s ability to meet them from within its borders.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Consumption and the environment - SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message Consumption and environment — key message 2
Europeans spend most on food and drink, housing and mobility, three areas that also cause the greatest environmental pressures per Euro spent. Tourism is a fourth area with high and growing environmental pressures from European consumption, both within the EU and elsewhere. Overall consumption trends in the areas of housing, mobility, and tourism generally seem to be environmentally unfavourable. Further analysis is required regarding food consumption trends.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Consumption and the environment - SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message Consumption and environment — key message 3
The growth in global trade is resulting in an increasing share of the environmental pressures and impacts caused by consumption in EU countries being felt beyond their borders. While some of this shift is between EU countries, a large part is outside the EU and beyond the remit of current EU production-related policies.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Consumption and the environment - SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message Consumption and environment — key message 4
There is major potential for reducing environmental pressures caused by European consumption. Examples include shifting from car use to collective transport and bicycles, choosing high-quality and eco-labelled products and energy-efficient housing solutions. Another option is to channel additional income towards consumption areas with low environmental pressures per Euro spent, e.g. communications, education and sustainable leisure activities.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Consumption and the environment - SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100