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Figure Population-weighted concentrations of PM10 and O3 in urban agglomerations of more than 250 000 inhabitants in EU-27
Urban air quality is of major concern. The high density of population and of economic activities in urban areas results in increased emissions, ambient concentrations and exposure. The Structural Indicator for urban air quality is presented which comprises two sub-elements describing the annual variations in population weighted health-relevant concentrations of (1) ozone and (2) particulate matter (PM10) in ambient air in urban areas.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Years of life lost (YOLL) in EEA countries due to PM2.5 pollution, 2005
Health impact caused by exposure top PM2.5.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Regional average number of exceedances of the EU long-term objective for ozone (120 µg/m3) per station during the summer for stations that reported at least one exceedance
Average occurrence of LTO per region observed during the period 1998 -2009 and the summer average maximum daily temperature in selected cities
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Past and projected emissions of the main air pollutants and primary particulate matter. EEA-32 + Western Balkan countries
Past and projected emissions of the main air pollutants CO, NMVOC, NOx, NH3 PM2.5 and SOx
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Estimated impact of different factors on the reduction in emissions of NOX and SO2 from public electricity and heat production, EEA-32, 1990–2008
The charts show the estimated contributions of various factors affecting emissions from public electricity and heat production including public thermal, nuclear, hydro and wind plants. The top line represents the hypothetical development of emissions that would have occurred due to increasing public heat and electricity production between 1990 and 2006, if the structure and performance of electricity and heat production had remained unchanged. However, there were a number of changes to sector’s structure that tended to reduce emissions, and the contributions of each of these factors to the emission reduction are shown. The cumulative effect of all these changes was that emissions actually followed the trend shown by the lower bars.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure text/texmacs Sources of selected air pollutants in 2008 for EEA-32 and Western Balkan countries
Sources of selected air pollutants in EEA-32 and West Balkan countries, 2008.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure The modelled effects of introducing road vehicle emissions standards and the LCP/IPPC Directives for large combustion plants on PM2.5 concentrations in Europe in 2005
The modelled effects of introducing road vehicle emissions standards (left) and the LCP/IPPC directives for large combustion plants (right) on PM2.5 concentrations in Europe in 2005
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Difference in O3 impact indicators of human health (SOMO35), and ecosystems (AOT40), in 2005 as a result of the introduction of Euro vehicle emission standards in road transport
Difference in O3 impact indicators of human health (SOMO35) (left), and ecosystems (AOT40) (right map), in 2005 as a result of the introduction of Euro vehicle emission standards in road transport
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Distance-to-target for the environmental objectives set for the protection of human health, 2008
Frequency distribution of the ozone 26th highest maximum daily running 8-hour mean; the target value set in the AQ Directive is 120 ug/m3 (reference period 2008; based on all available operational ozone stations reported to AirBase)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Ozone - Target value for the protection of vegetation
In the air quality directive (2008/EC/50), the EU has set a target value and a long term objective value for ozone (O3) for the protection of vegetation. Target value: the AOT40 may not exceed 18000 (µg/m3) per hour in the period from 1 May to 31 July averaged over five years. Long term objective value: the AOT40 may not exceed 6000 (µg/m3) per hour in the period from 1 May to 31 July within a calendar year. AOT40 (expressed in (μg/m3) ∙ hours) means the sum of the difference between hourly concentrations greater than 80 μg/m3 (= 40 parts per billion) and 80 μg/m3 over a given period using only the one-hour values measured between 8.00 and 20.00 Central European Time (CET) each day. More information is provided in Annex VII of directive (2008/EC/50).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100