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Indicator Assessment Energy efficiency and specific CO2 emissions (TERM 027) - Assessment published Jan 2011
Specific CO 2 emissions of road transport have decreased since 1995, mainly due to an improvement in the fuel efficiency of passenger car transport. Recent EU Regulation setting emission performance standards for new passenger cars is expected to further reduce CO 2 emissions from light-duty vehicles in view of the 130 g/km and 95 g/km emission targets set for 2015 and 2020 respectively. Specific CO 2 emissions of air transport, although decreasing, are of the same order of magnitude as for road, while rail and maritime shipping remain the most energy efficient modes of passenger transport. Specific energy efficiency of light and heavy duty trucks has improved, but road transport still consumes significantly more energy per tonne-km than rail or ship freight transport.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Energy efficiency and specific CO2 emissions
Figure C source code The probability of exceeding 2 °C global warming versus CO2 emitted from 2000–2049
Text bellow the image
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Observed global fossil fuel CO2 emissions compared with six scenarios from the IPCC
IPCC scenarios shown are from the IPCC Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (IPCC, 2000). Past emission data are from the Carbon Dioxide Information and Analysis Center (CDIAC) and the International Energy Agency (IEA)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Octet Stream Estimated impact of different factors on the reduction in emissions of Carbon dioxide (CO2) from public electricity and heat production between 1990 and 2007, EEA-32
The chart shows the estimated contributions of the various factors that have affected emissions from public electricity and heat production (including public thermal power stations, nuclear power stations, hydro power plants and wind plants).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
SOER Key fact Urban - key fact 2
Cities emit 69 % of Europe's CO2.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Urban environment - SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key facts
Publication Mitigating climate change - SOER 2010 thematic assessment
The EU emitted close to 5 billion tonnes (Gt) of CO2-equivalent emissions in 2008. It contributes today around 12 % of annual global anthropogenic direct greenhouse gas emissions. The EU is making good progress towards achieving its emission reduction targets. A rapid, sustained and effective transition to a low carbon economy is necessary to mitigate climate change and to meet global greenhouse gas emission targets.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Thematic assessments
Publication Understanding climate change — SOER 2010 thematic assessment
Average global air and ocean temperatures are rising, leading to the melting of snow and ice and rising global mean sea level. Ocean acidification results from higher CO2 concentrations. With unabated greenhouse gas emissions, climate change could lead to an increasing risk of irreversible shifts in the climate system with potentially serious consequences. Temperature rises of more than 1.5–2 °C above pre-industrial levels are likely to cause major societal and environmental disruptions in many regions. The atmospheric CO2 concentration needs to be stabilised at 350–400 parts per million (ppm) in order to have a 50 % chance of limiting global mean temperature increase to 2 °C above pre-industrial levels (according to the IPCC in 2007, and confirmed by later scientific insights).
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Thematic assessments
Common environmental theme Climate change mitigation - National Responses (Luxembourg)
SOER Common environmental theme from Luxembourg - climate change mitigation
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Country assessments Luxembourg
Common environmental theme Climate change mitigation - Outlook 2020 (Luxembourg)
SOER Common environmental theme from Luxembourg - climate change mitigation
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Country assessments Luxembourg
Common environmental theme D source code Climate change mitigation - Drivers and pressures (Luxembourg)
SOER Common environmental theme from Luxembourg - climate change mitigation
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Country assessments Luxembourg
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100