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File Floating cities: Environmental Atlas of Europe - The Netherlands
Almost a third of the Netherlands lies below sea level, and over the centuries the country has developed a highly efficient flood-defence system. The tragic floods of 1953, caused by a storm surge and exceptionally spring tides, led to a range of modern-day engineering solutions as well as a heightened awareness in Dutch society of the dangers of sea level rise. But when, in the mid 1990s, unusually heavy rain in Belgium and Germany caused the Rhine and the Meuse to breach their banks and hundreds of thousands of people had to be evacuated, it was clear that long-term action would have to be taken to protect against flooding from river water as well. The government has now launched a wide ranging programme of adaptation schemes to protect the coasts from sea-level and to create 'Room for the River', by establishing unobstructed spaces into which the major rivers can safely over-flow.
Located in The Environmental Atlas Floating cities Video
Publication Europe's ecological backbone: recognising the true value of our mountains
Europe's mountain areas have social, economic and environmental capital of significance for the entire continent. This importance has been recognised since the late 19th century through national legislation; since the 1970s through regional structures for cooperation; and since the 1990s through regional legal instruments for the Alps and Carpathians. The European Union (EU) first recognised the specific characteristics of mountain areas in 1975 through the designation of Less Favoured Areas (LFAs). During the last decade, EU cohesion policy and the Treaty of Lisbon have both focused specifically on mountains.
Located in Publications
Figure Areas affected by 2002 flooding
Flooding in central Europe, August 2002: Austria, the Czech Republic and Germany
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Projected estimate of exposure to flood for artificial land-use classes
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Number of casualties caused by flood disasters in the EU 1970-2005
The figure shows the number of casualties caused by flood disasters in the EU, 1970-2005
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Projected change in mean seasonal and annual river flow between 2071-2100 and the reference period 1961-1990
Simulations with LISFLOOD driven by HIRHAM HadAM3H/HadCM3 based on IPCC SRES scenario A2.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Troff document Number of flood events (left); number of deaths per flood event (right)
Note: Flood events include flash floods, river floods and storm surges in Europe (1976-2001).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Modelled change in annual river flow between 1971-1998 and 1900-1970
The map is based on an ensemble of 12 climate models and validated against observed river flows.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Projected change in daily average river flow for four rivers
Projected river flow 2071-2100 (green line) and the observed river flow 1961-1990 (orange line)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Flood losses per thousand of GDP in the EU 1970-2005
The figure shows flood losses per thousand of GDP in the EU 1970-2005
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100