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Indicator Assessment Production and consumption of ozone depleting substances (CSI 006/CLIM 049) - Assessment published Dec 2010
The total production and consumption of ozone depleting substances in EEA member countries has decreased strongly since the Montreal Protocol was signed in 1987, and it is nowadays practically zero. Globally, the implementation of the Montreal Protocol has led to a decrease in the atmospheric burden of ozone-depleting substances (ODSs) in the lower atmosphere and in the stratosphere. Many ODSs are also potent greenhouse gases. The phasing out of ODS under the Montreal Protocol has reduced global greenhouse gas emissions by an amount larger than the Kyoto Protocol is expected to deliver by the end of 2012.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Production and consumption of ozone depleting substances
Figure Exceedances of critical loads for eutrophication due to the deposition of nutrient nitrogen in 2000 and 2010
The maps shows the exceedances of critical loads for eutrophication due to the deposition of nutrient N in the 2000 and 2010
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
SOER Key fact (Deprecated) Air pollution - key fact 1
Europe has significantly cut emissions of the main air pollutants in recent decades, greatly reducing exposure to substances such as sulphur dioxide and lead.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Air pollution — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key facts
Figure Percentage of population exposed to NO2 annual concentrations in urban areas, EEA member countries, 1997-2008
The annual mean limit value is 40 µg NO2/m³. Over the years 1997-2008 the total population, for which exposure estimates are made, increased from 55 to 118 million people due to an increasing number of monitoring stations reporting air quality data under the Exchange of Information Decision. Year-to-year variations in exposure classes are partly caused by the changes in spatial coverage. Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, and Turkey are not included due to the geographical coverage of the Urban Audit and/or lack of air quality data.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Percentage of population exposed to NO2 annual concentrations in urban areas, EEA member countries, 1996-2005
Over the years 1996-2005 the total population, for which exposure estimates are made, increased from 60 to 136 million people due to an increasing number of monitoring stations reporting air quality data
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Exceedance of air quality limit values in urban areas (CSI 004) - Assessment published Aug 2010
Particulate Matter (PM 10 ) In the period 1997-2008, 18-50 % of the urban population was potentially exposed to ambient air concentrations of particulate matter (PM 10 ) in excess of the EU limit value set for the protection of human health (50 microgram /m 3 daily mean not be exceeded more than 35 days a calendar year); (Figure 1). Nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) In the period 1997-2008, 6-41 % of the urban population was potentially exposed to ambient air nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) concentrations above the EU limit value set for the protection of human health (40 microgram NO 2 /m 3 annual mean). There was a slight downwards trend over the period (Figure 1). Ozone (O 3 ) In the period 1997-2008, 13-62 % of the urban population in Europe was exposed to ambient ozone concentrations exceeding the EU target value set for the protection of human health (120 microgram O 3 /m 3 daily maximum 8-hourly average, not to be exceeded more than 25 times a calendar year by 2010). The 62 % of the urban population exposed to ambient ozone concentrations over the EU target value was recorded in 2003, which was the record year. There was no discernible trend over the period (Figure 1). Sulphur dioxide (SO 2 ) In the period 1997-2008, the fraction of the urban population in EEA-32 member countries that is potentially exposed to ambient air concentrations of sulphur dioxide in excess of the EU limit value set for the protection of human health (125 microgram SO 2 /m 3 daily mean not to be exceeded more than three days a year), decreased to less than 1 %, and as such the EU limit value set is close to being met everywhere in the urban background (Figure 1).
Located in Data and maps Indicators Exceedance of air quality limit values in urban areas
Data National emissions reported to the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP Convention)
Data on emissions of air pollutants submitted to the LRTAP Convention and copied to EEA and ETC/ACC
Located in Data and maps Datasets
Data AirBase - The European air quality database
AirBase is the air quality information system maintained by the EEA through the European topic centre on Air and Climate Change. It contains air quality data delivered annually under 97/101/EC Council Decision establishing a reciprocal exchange of information and data from networks and individual stations measuring ambient air pollution within the Member States (EoI Decision).
Located in Data and maps Datasets
Figure AirBase - Raw data and time series
Each plot presents 1 time series of raw data for a time span of eleven years: from 1 Jan 1997 until 31 Dec 2008
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Contributions to the changes in emission of primary and secondary fine particles (PM10), per sector and per pollutant (EU-15), 2002
'Contribution to change' plots show the contribution to the total emission change between 1990-2002 made by a specified sector/ pollutant.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100