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Figure Phosphorus concentrations in rivers (orthophosphate) between 1992 and 2009 in different geographical regions of Europe.
The data series per region are calculated as the average of the annual mean for river monitoring stations in the region. Only complete series after inter/extrapolation are included (see indicator specification). The number of river monitoring stations included per geographical region is given in parentheses
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Phosphorus concentration in European lakes and reservoirs
Note: Number of lakes per country: AT(26), BG(4), CH(22), DE(300), DK(28), EE(156), ES(96), FI(70), FR(27), HU(4), IE(18), IT(7), IV(10), MK(3), NL(112), NO(401), PL(290), PT(18), RO(33), SE(2992), SL(4), UK(66).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Octet Stream Source apportioned annual load of phosphorus to inland waters in the sub-catchments of the Baltic. (A)
Source-oriented approaches
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
GIS Map Application Total phosphorus in lakes
The map shows the mean annual concentration of total phosphorus (TP), expressed as milligrams of TP per litre of water, observed in lakes and reservoirs monitoring stations and reported by EEA member countries via WISE. For most countries the mean annual value is based on observations over the whole year, whereas some countries only collect samples during the growing season (due to ice cover in winter). Total phosphorus includes all phosphorus components in water: phosphate, dissolved organic phosphorus and particulate phosphorus in algal and bacterial cells, as well as in mineral particles (e.g. clay). High or increased (compared to reference condition) concentration of total phosphorus represents a risk to normal functioning of lake ecosystems, causing eutrophication with potentially harmful or toxic algal blooms in the surface waters, reduced biodiversity, and oxygen deficiency in the bottom waters. The purpose of the map is to provide an overview of the mean annual value of total phosphorus in lakes and reservoirs across Europe and to enable the user to compare values per country, River Basin District (RBD) or individual monitoring station, depending on the scale of visualisation. Historical data since 1993 can be displayed using the time slider.
Located in Data and maps Interactive maps
Figure Phosphorus concentrations in rivers (orthophosphate) between 1992 and 2008 in different sea regions of Europe
The sea region data series are calculated as the average of annual mean data from river monitoring stations in each sea region. The data thus represents rivers or river basins draining into that particular sea. Only complete series after inter/extrapolation are included (see indicator specification). The number of river monitoring stations per region is given in parentheses.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment chemical/x-pdb Emission intensity of the domestic sector in Europe
Absolute decoupling of nutrient emissions from domestic sector and the population growth over the period of almost two decades (1990-2009) is observed in thirteen countries (Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Finland, Ireland, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovenia and Turkey). The actual extent of decoupling, and the differences in trends among countries, may be partially explained by different levels of numbers of inhabitants connected to tertiary wastewater treatment technologies When making the EU wide comparison of the extend of decoupling of nutrient emissions from population growth, the actual rate of population connected to different types of treatment (elaborated in the CSI 024) should be taken into consideration, and completeness of the data available on population connected to collecting systems without treatment. The status of the implementation of the UWWTD which protects the water environment from the adverse effects of discharges of urban waste water, the level of investment in the water and wastewater management ,as well as the status of the implementation of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) and Groundwater Directive may have an impact.   Furthermore household patterns as well as the household income level  affecting the production and composition of waste water should be considered as well. It is assumed that the use of actual data on loads discharged from wastewater treatment plants combined with the load values calculated for population not connected to the waste water treatment would add value to the decoupling indicator, as it would better reflect the real situation..  
Located in Data and maps Indicators Emission intensity of the domestic sector in Europe
Daviz Visualization Phosphorus concentrations in lakes (total phosphorus) between 1992 and 2011 in different geographical regions of Europe.
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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