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Publication Europe's ecological backbone: recognising the true value of our mountains
Europe's mountain areas have social, economic and environmental capital of significance for the entire continent. This importance has been recognised since the late 19th century through national legislation; since the 1970s through regional structures for cooperation; and since the 1990s through regional legal instruments for the Alps and Carpathians. The European Union (EU) first recognised the specific characteristics of mountain areas in 1975 through the designation of Less Favoured Areas (LFAs). During the last decade, EU cohesion policy and the Treaty of Lisbon have both focused specifically on mountains.
Located in Publications
GIS Map Application Natura 2000 European protected areas — interactive map
Ecological network of European protected areas
Located in Environmental topics Biodiversity Interactive maps and data viewers
Daviz Visualization Complementarity between European designations (Natura 2000 and Emerald networks) and national designations by share of terrestrial area
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Publication EU 2010 Biodiversity Baseline
The EU 2010 Biodiversity Baseline provides facts and figures on the state and trends of the different biodiversity and ecosystem components. It thereby supports the EU in developing the post‑2010 sub‑targets and provides factual data for measuring and monitoring progress in the EU from 2011 to 2020.
Located in Publications
Figure Changes in diffuse pressure from urbanisation in Natura 2000 sites, 1990–2006
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Coastal zone with Natura2000 land/sea connections, by NUTS3 regions
The Percentage of land/sea connections defined by Natura 2000 sites showing the results by NUTS3.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Distribution of Natura 2000 sites across EU-27, 2012
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Special Protection Areas classified for the crane (Grus grus) across EU
The map shows the distribution of Natura 2000 sites designated across the EU for the Crane under the Birds Directive, highlighting the importance for a European network of protected areas to take into consideration the various needs of a migratory species for its life cycle, specifically for breeding, staging and wintering.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Spatial connectivity of Natura 2000 sites across political boundaries in different parts of the European Union
The map reflects the likely degree of spatial connectivity of Natura 2000 sites across 34 terrestrial political borders of the EU, measured as a quantified proportion of Natura 2000 sites on both sides of a boundary against total border length. A thick line reflects a likely poor spatial connectivity while a thin line reflects a likely good spatial connectivity.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Degree of overlap between terrestrial Natura 2000 network and nationally designated sites (CDDA) including all IUCN protected areas categories
The map reflects the spatial combination of sites designated under national instruments and Natura 2000 sites. A large part of Natura 2000 overlap with existing national designations but also extend beyond these national designations. There are also nationally designated sites which are not designated as Natura 2000
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100