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Sound and independent information
on the environment

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SOER Message Marine and coastal environment — key message 2
Nutrient enrichment is a major problem in the coastal and marine environment, where it accelerates the growth of phytoplankton and can lead to oxygen depletion. Concentrations of some heavy metals and persistent organic contaminants in marine biota exceed food stuff limits in all Europe’s seas.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Marine and coastal environment — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message Marine and coastal environment — key message 5
Designation of coastal and marine sites as part of Natura 2000, although improving, has been slow and difficult. The conservation status of some coastal and most marine habitats still needs to be assessed, while 22 % of marine mammals are threatened with extinction. The available data suggest that the objective of halting biodiversity loss by 2010 has not been met.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Marine and coastal environment — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message Marine and coastal environment — key message 1
Degradation of marine and coastal ecosystems is observed in the Black, Mediterranean, Baltic, North East Atlantic Seas and in the Arctic. This trend is caused by fishing, agriculture, the industrial use of chemicals, tourist development, shipping, energy exploitation and other maritime activities. Projected climate change is likely to increase the impact of these activities in all seas, and in the Arctic
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Marine and coastal environment — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message Marine and coastal environment — key message 7
Growth of the maritime, agriculture and tourism sectors is expected to continue. An important future objective for the Marine Strategy Framework Directive will be to ensure that this growth is sustainable to achieve and then maintain ‘Good Environmental Status’ of the marine environment. Moreover, it will be necessary to implement planning principles in line with the approaches of Integrated Coastal Zone Management and Maritime Spatial Planning.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Marine and coastal environment — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
Policy Document C source code Commission Directive 2009/90/EC of 31 July 2009
Commission Directive 2009/90/EC of 31 July 2009 laying down, and pursuant to 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, technical specifications for chemical analysis and monitoring of water status.
Located in Environmental policy document catalogue
Figure Aggregated assessment of hazardous substances in marine organisms in regional seas around Europe; 1998-2012
The figure consists of eight maps showing available data for the North East Atlantic ocean, Baltic sea, Black Sea and Mediterranean sea; one map for each contaminant. Each map shows the locations where the contaminant was measured, and coloured to indicate which class was registered; green (Low concentration), yellow (Moderate concentration) or red (High concentration). In addition a pie chart is presented on the map showing the percent of each class within each of the four regional seas. Furthermore, any regional trend for a particular class is indicated by an arrow.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Observed changes in winter orthophosphate (PO4) concentrations, 1985–2010
The map shows stations with a statistically significant decrease (green), increase (red) or no trend (yellow) in winter ortophosphate concentrationswithin the period 1985-2010. Selected stations must have at least data in the period from 2007 to present and at least 5 years data in all.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Observed change in chlorophyll-a concentrations in coastal and open waters of the Baltic, North East Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea
The map shows stations with a statistically significant decrease (green), increase (red) or no trend (yellow) within the period 1985-2012. Selected stations must have at least data in the period from 2007 to present and at least 5 years data in all. Note that the open sea stations around Faroe Islands are included under Celtic Seas.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Estimates of the extent of hypoxia and anoxia in Autumn 2007.
Hypoxia = oxygen content less than 2 ml/l Anoxia = oxygen content nil; often with presence of hydrogen sulphide-which reacts with oxygen to produce sulphate
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Cumulative number of marine, coastal and estuarine non-indigenous species in Europe, of which 869 are invertebrate animals, followed by 326 plants and 181 vertebrate animals
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Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100