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Sound and independent information
on the environment

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Publication 10 messages for 2010 — marine ecosystems
Marine ecosystems provide key services both globally and locally, which are essential for maintaining life on our planet. However, marine biodiversity faces an unprecedented range of pressures. In recent years climate change has caused changes in species distribution and presents new challenges for marine biodiversity as oceans become more acidic.
Located in Publications
Indicator Assessment Nutrients in freshwater (CSI 020) - Assessment DRAFT created Apr 2012
•    Average nitrate concentrations in European groundwaters increased from 1992 to 1998, but have declined again since 2004. •    The average nitrate concentration in European rivers decreased by approximately 13% between 1992 and 2009 (from 2.5 to 2.1 mg/l N), reflecting the effect of measures to reduce agricultural inputs of nitrate. •    Average orthophosphate concentrations in European rivers have decreased markedly over the last two decades, being halved between 1992 and 2009 (52% decrease). Also average lake phosphorus concentration decreased over the period 1992-2009 (by 22%), the major part of the decrease occurring in the first half of the period. The decrease in phosphorus concentrations reflects both improvement in wastewater treatment and reduction in phosphorus in detergents. •    Overall, reductions in the levels of freshwater nutrients over the last two decades primarily reflect improvements in wastewater treatment. Emissions from agriculture continue to be a significant source.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Nutrients in freshwater
Distribution maps
Located in Environmental topics Europe's protected areas Facts and figures
Figure Causes of loss of semi-natural areas
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Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Conservation status of habitat types of European Union interest in heath and scrub ecosystems
statistics by region on the left, overall statistics on the right.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Highlight Land use conflicts necessitate integrated policy
Demand for land in Europe is high. Food and biomass production, housing, infrastructure and recreation all compete for space, with impacts on our climate, biodiversity and ecosystem services. In a recent assessment, the European Environment Agency (EEA) analyses land use change in Europe, concluding that we need an integrated policy approach based on reliable data to balance sectoral demands and manage land sustainably.
Located in News
Figure Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD5) and total ammonium concentrations in rivers between 1992 and 2007
Numbers of river monitoring stations in brackets
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Highlight Our Natural Europe: conservation stories show importance of local action
When fishermen in the Koster Sea in Southern Sweden understood the value of the ecosystems beneath the waves, they voluntarily agreed to change fishing practices. The area became Sweden’s first marine national park in 2006.
Located in News
Press Release The squeeze on Europe's coastline continues
Europe's coastal regions are increasingly vital for its economy, yet their natural assets on which it depends continue to degrade. This is according to a new report from the European Environment Agency, which calls for better information, planning and management decisions to balance multiple demands on the coastal environment.
Located in Media News
Daviz Visualization Conservation status by main type of habitats
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Phone: +45 3336 7100