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Indicator Assessment Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone (CSI 005) - Assessment published May 2012
Eutrophication The magnitude of the risk of ecosystem eutrophication and its geographical coverage has diminished only slightly over the years. The predictions for 2010 and 2020 indicate that the risk is still widespread over Europe. This is in conflict with the EU's long-term objective of not exceeding critical loads of airborne acidifying and eutrophying substances in sensitive ecosystem areas (National Emission Ceilings Directive, 6th Environmental Action Programme, Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution). Acidification The situation has considerably improved and it is predicted to improve further. The interim environmental objective for 2010 (National Emission Ceilings Directive) will most likely not be met completely. However, the European ecosystem areas where the critical load will be exceeded is predicted to have declined by more than 80 % in 2010 with 1990 as a base year. By 2020, it is expected that the risk of ecosystem acidification will only be an issue at some hot spots, in particular at the border area between the Netherlands and Germany. Ozone (O 3 ) Most vegetation and agricultural crops are exposed to ozone levels exceeding the long-term objective given in the EU Air Quality Directive. A significant fraction is also exposed to levels above the 2010 target value defined in the Directive. Concentrations in 2008 were on the average higher than in 2007. The effect-related accumulated concentrations, addressing exposure of crops to ozone over several summer months, shows large year-to-year variations, there is a non-significance tendency to increase.  
Located in Data and maps Indicators Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone
Figure Water abstractions for irrigation, manufacturing industry, energy cooling and Public Water Supply (million m3/year) in early 1990s and the period 1997-2007
For countries included in the regions see Fig. 3 to Fig. 6 Turkey is plotted on an individual column in this graph to depict the large increase in agricultural water use, and to avoid the projection of this trend/effect on the Southern countries trend.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Key past and projected impacts and effects of climate change for the main biogeographical regions of Europe
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Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Exposure of population in European cities to flood risk under climate change (scenario A2 — high emissions; 100-years flood)
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Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Oxygen consuming substances in rivers (CSI 019) - Assessment DRAFT created Sep 2013
Concentrations of BOD and total ammonium have decreased in European rivers in the period 1992 to 2011 (Fig. 1), mainly due to general improvement in wastewater treatment. See also WISE interactive maps: Mean annual BOD in rivers and Mean annual Total Ammonium in rivers
Located in Data and maps Indicators Oxygen consuming substances in rivers
Figure BOD5 concentrations in rivers between 1992 and 2010 draining to different sea regions of Europe
The sea region data series are calculated as the average of annual mean data from river monitoring stations in each sea region. The data thus represents rivers or river basins draining into that particular sea. Only complete series after inter/extrapolation are included (see indicator specification). The number of river monitoring stations included per sea region is given in parentheses. There were no stations with consistent data series on BOD7 in rivers draining to the Arctic Ocean. BOD7 data has been recalculated into BOD5 data.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Inland bathing water quality in the European Union, 1990-2010
The figure shows the bathing water quality in different European countries over time 1990, 7 EU Member States; 1991 to 1994, 12 EU Member States; 1995-96, 14 EU Member States; 1997 to 2003, 15 EU Member States; 2004, 21 EU Member States; 2005-06, 25 EU Member States; 2007 to 2010, 27 EU Member States. No inland bathing waters are reported from three Member States (Cyprus, Malta and Romania). The quality classes under the New Bathing Water Directive (2006/7/EC) for Hungary and Luxembourg are jointed with compliance categories under the Bathing Water Directive (76/160/EEC)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Estimated nitrogen surplus across Europe, 2005
Estimated nitrogen surplus (the difference between inorganic and organic fertilizer application, atmospheric deposition, fixation and uptake by crops) for the year 2005 across Europe.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Phosphorus concentrations in lakes (total phosphorus) between 1992 and 2008 in different geographical regions of Europe.
The data series per region are calculated as the average of the annual mean for lake monitoring stations in the region. Only complete series after inter/extrapolation are included (see indicator specification). There were no stations with complete series after inter/extrapolation in the South and Southeast regions. The number of lake monitoring stations included per geographical region is given in parentheses
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Times series of observed ocean pH in the waters around the Canary Islands
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Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Phone: +45 3336 7100