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Figure chemical/x-molconn-Z Point source discharges and anthropogenic losses of phosphorus to the North Sea in 2000. (B)
Source-oriented approaches.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Nitrate and phosphorus concentrations in selected WCE freshwater bodies
Numbers of groundwater bodies, lake and river monitoring stations in brackets
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Annual average phosphorus concentration in rivers
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Nutrients in freshwater (CSI 020/WAT 003) - Assessment published Dec 2010
Average nitrate concentrations in European groundwaters increased from 1992 to 1998, and have remained relatively constant since then. The average nitrate concentration in European rivers decreased by approximately 9 % between 1992 and 2008 (from 2.4 to 2.2 mg/l N), reflecting the effect of measures to reduce agricultural inputs of nitrate. Average orthophosphate concentrations in European rivers have decreased markedly over the last two decades, being almost halved between 1992 and 2008 (47 % decrease). Also average lake phosphorus concentration decreased over the period 1992-2008 (by 26%), the major part of the decrease occurring in the first half of the period. The decrease in phosphorus concentrations reflect both improvement in wastewater treatment and reduction in phosphorus in detergents. Overall, reductions in the levels of freshwater nutrients over the last two decades primarily reflect improvements in wastewater treatment. Emissions from agriculture continue to be a significant source.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Nutrients in freshwater
Figure text/texmacs Source apportioned annual load and estimated fertiliser use in six Bernet catchments.
Total nitrogen (A) and Total phosphorus (B).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure chemical/x-molconn-Z National or regional source apportionments and fertiliser use (Faostat fertiliser consumption) for phosphorus. (B)
UK figures on fertilisers used for Northern Ireland
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure text/texmacs Discharges of nitrogen and phosphorous from wastewater treatment plants
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Phosphorus in European rivers, 1994-96
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Daviz Visualization Phosphorus concentrations in lakes (total phosphorus) in different geographical regions of Europe.
Located in Data and maps Data visualisation
Highlight Water: nutrient and heavy metal pollution 'decoupling' from growth
European households are generating lower levels of nutrient pollution in water, despite a growing population. In a similar example of 'absolute decoupling', levels of some pollutants from agriculture and manufacturing have fallen in recent years, while the economic production of these sectors has grown.
Located in News
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100