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Figure Attainment situation for SO2 in 2011
The red line corresponds to the EU limit value of 125 μg/m3, EU Member States only. The graph is based on the 99.18 percentiles of the daily mean concentration values for each Member State; the boxes present the range of the 99.18 percentiles at all stations types (in μg/m3) with data officially reported by the EU Member States and how they relate to the daily limit value set by EU legislation (marked by the red line). The diagram indicates the lowest and highest observations, the means and the lower and upper quartiles. The lower quartile splits the lowest 25 % of the data and the upper quartile splits the highest 25 % of the data.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Agricultural area (in 1 000 km²) in EEA member countries for each exposure class
Due to lack of detailed land cover data and/or rural ozone data Iceland and Norway are not included until 2006 and onwards. Switzerland have not been included in the analysis for the entire period 1996-2007 due to the same reasons. Turkey is not included in the analysis 1996-2008.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Article Forests, health and climate change
Forests are essential to our survival and well-being. Forests clean our air, our water, our soil and they regulate our climate, amongst many other things. Trees and forests are not always associated with urban landscapes. However, there too they provide invaluable, often invisible, services. Simply by acting as 'green oasis' in our concrete jungles, they offer recreation and health services for many European citizens.
Located in Articles
Highlight More effort needed to reduce summer ozone
Ground level ozone causes health problems, decreases crop yields and damages the environment. Ozone levels exceeding certain targets in Europe were less frequent in summer 2011 than in any year since monitoring started in 1997. However, the long-term objective was exceeded in all EU Member States and it is likely many of them will not meet the target value, applicable as of 2010.
Located in News
Figure File PostScript document CSI005_fig11_ExposureOfForrestArea_2011.eps
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs Exposure of forest area to ozone (exposure expressed as AOT40 in (μg/m³).h) in EEA member countries
Daviz Visualization Concentration status for daily limit value of PM10, 2011
Distribution of stations by thresholds of 90.41 percentile of daily PM10 concentrations for the year 2011. The figure is based on the 90.41 percentile of the PM10 daily concentrations, corresponding to the 36th highest PM10 concentration when data availability is 100% over the year.
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Daviz Visualization Concentration status for annual target value of PM2.5, 2011
Distribution of stations by thresholds of PM2.5 annual mean concentrations for the year 2011.
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Figure Sulphur dioxide - Daily limit value for the protection of human health
In the air quality directive (2008/EC/50) the EU has set two limit values for sulphur dioxide (SO2) for the protection of human health: the SO2 hourly mean value may not exceed 350 micrograms per cubic metre (µg/m3) more than 24 times in a year and the SO2 daily mean value may not exceed 125 micrograms per cubic metre (µg/m3) more than 3 times in a year.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Video The air you breathe
Do you know what the effects of air pollution on human health are? What causes air pollution? What can you, as a citizen, do to avoid polluting the air? Watch our expert explaining it.
Located in Media Audiovisuals
Figure object code Annual mean concentrations of benzo(a)pyrene (ng/m3), 2011
Dark green dots correspond to concentrations under the WHO reference level (0.12 ng/m3). Pale green dots correspond to concentrations under the lower assessment threshold (0.4 ng/m3). Orange dots correspond to concentrations between the lower and the upper assessment threshold (0.6 ng/m3). Red dots correspond to concentrations above the upper assessment threshold but under the target value of 1 ng/m3. Dark red dots correspond to concentrations exceeding the target value of 1 ng/m3.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100