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Figure text/texmacs Sources of selected air pollutants in 2008 for EEA-32 and Western Balkan countries
Sources of selected air pollutants in EEA-32 and West Balkan countries, 2008.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure The modelled effects of introducing road vehicle emissions standards and the LCP/IPPC Directives for large combustion plants on PM2.5 concentrations in Europe in 2005
The modelled effects of introducing road vehicle emissions standards (left) and the LCP/IPPC directives for large combustion plants (right) on PM2.5 concentrations in Europe in 2005
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Difference in O3 impact indicators of human health (SOMO35), and ecosystems (AOT40), in 2005 as a result of the introduction of Euro vehicle emission standards in road transport
Difference in O3 impact indicators of human health (SOMO35) (left), and ecosystems (AOT40) (right map), in 2005 as a result of the introduction of Euro vehicle emission standards in road transport
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Figure Distance-to-target for the environmental objectives set for the protection of human health, 2008
Frequency distribution of the ozone 26th highest maximum daily running 8-hour mean; the target value set in the AQ Directive is 120 ug/m3 (reference period 2008; based on all available operational ozone stations reported to AirBase)
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Figure Ozone - Target value for the protection of vegetation
In the air quality directive (2008/EC/50), the EU has set a target value and a long term objective value for ozone (O3) for the protection of vegetation. Target value: the AOT40 may not exceed 18000 (µg/m3) per hour in the period from 1 May to 31 July averaged over five years. Long term objective value: the AOT40 may not exceed 6000 (µg/m3) per hour in the period from 1 May to 31 July within a calendar year. AOT40 (expressed in (μg/m3) ∙ hours) means the sum of the difference between hourly concentrations greater than 80 μg/m3 (= 40 parts per billion) and 80 μg/m3 over a given period using only the one-hour values measured between 8.00 and 20.00 Central European Time (CET) each day. More information is provided in Annex VII of directive (2008/EC/50).
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Figure Annual variation in the ozone AOT40 value for crops (May-July) in (μg/m³).h, 1996–2010
Average values over all rural stations which reported data over at least eleven years in the period 1996-2010. The black line corresponds to the 5-year averaged value. Variations over Europe in observed values is large, eighty percent of the observations falls with the red shaded area.
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Figure Annual mean NO2 concentration observed at urban background stations, 2001-2011 (EU-27)
Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Cyprus, Greece and Malta are not included due to missing availability of operational urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations in the Urban Audit cities.
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Figure 26th highest maximum daily 8-hour mean ozone concentration observed at (sub)urban background stations, compliance with the target is assured when this value is below 120 ug/m3, 2001-2011 (EU-27)
Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Cyprus, Greece and Malta is not included due to missing availability of operational urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations in the Urban Audit cities.
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Figure Benzo(a)pyrene - Annual target value for the protection of human health
In the directive 2004/107/EC (Fourth Daughter Directive), the EU has set a target value for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) for the protection of human health; the target is defined in terms of concentration of benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) which is used as a marker substance for PAHs generally: the BaP annual mean value may not exceed 1 nanogram per cubic metre (ng/m3). The target value enters into force 31.12.2012.
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Daviz Visualization Concentration status for the daily limit values of SO2 for health protection, 2011
Distribution of stations by thresholds of SO2 99.18 percentile concentrations for the year 2011. The chart is based on the 99.18 percentile of the SO2 daily concentrations, corresponding to the 4th highest SO2 concentration when data availability is 100% over the year.
Located in Data and maps Data visualisation
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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