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SOER Message (Deprecated) Freshwater quality — key message 1
Europe’s freshwaters contain a number of pollutants including nutrients, metals, pesticides, pathogenic micro-organisms, industrial chemicals and pharmaceuticals. These can have adverse effects on aquatic ecosystems, degrading habitats and resulting in the loss of freshwater flora and fauna. Poor water quality can also raise concern for human health.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Freshwater quality — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Freshwater quality — key message 2
The Water Framework Directive, the single most important piece of legislation relating to the quality of Europe’s fresh and coastal waters, aims to attain good ecological and chemical status by 2015. For a number of freshwater bodies, substantial improvements will be required to meet this target.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Freshwater quality — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Freshwater quality — key message 3
Implementation of the Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive, together with comparable non-EU legislation, has led to improvements in wastewater treatment across much of the continent. This has resulted in reduced point discharges of nutrients and organic pollution to freshwater bodies.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Freshwater quality — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Freshwater quality — key message 6
Implemented measures need to account for driving forces that could otherwise affect water quality over the coming decades, including climate change, increasing global food demand and an expansion of the cultivation of bioenergy crops. Such measures must also ensure that water, energy and chemicals are used in an efficient manner.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Freshwater quality — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Freshwater quality — key message 4
Diffuse pollution from both agriculture and urban areas remains a major pressure on Europe’s freshwater. Cost-effective measures to tackle both sources exist and can be implemented through the river basin management plans of the Water Framework Directive. Full compliance with the Nitrates Directive is also required.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Freshwater quality — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Freshwater quality — key message 5
Removing pollution is expensive, uses energy and chemicals, and results in the generation of wastes. Controlling pollutants at source, however, decreases their discharge to freshwaters and reduces the need for treatment. There is considerable scope for greater implementation of source control measures across all sectors.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Freshwater quality — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Air pollution — key message 1
Air pollution damages human health and the environment. Considerable progress has been made in Europe to reduce emissions and exposure to different air pollutants such as sulphur dioxide (SO2) and lead (Pb). However, despite reductions, certain air pollutants, especially particulate matter (PM), ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and some organic compounds, still pose a threat to human health. For the EEA-32 group of countries, it has been estimated that in 2005 almost 5 million lost life years could be attributed to air pollution with fine particles (PM2.5) alone.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Air pollution — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Air pollution — key message 2
As the amounts of acidifying air pollutants have fallen, the area of acid-sensitive ecosystems (such as freshwaters and forest soils) adversely affected in Europe has considerably reduced. Nonetheless, biological recovery in freshwaters is slow. The area of sensitive terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems affected by an excess input of atmospheric nitrogen in the EEA-32 has only diminished slightly between 1990 and 2010. The EU’s long-term objective of not exceeding the so-called critical atmospheric pollutant loads, which ecosystems can tolerate, has not been met.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Air pollution — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Air pollution — key message 3
European air pollutant concentrations still frequently exceed limit values set by the EU Air Quality Directives. Many Member States have either not complied, or will not comply by the required target dates, with legally-binding air quality limits set for the protection of human health. Examples are the 2005 limit value for particulate matter (PM10) and the 2010 limit value for nitrogen dioxide (NO2). Exposures of agricultural crops and other vegetation to ground-level ozone (O3) also continue to exceed the EU’s long-term objectives.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Air pollution — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Air pollution — key message 4
Only 14 European countries expect to comply with national 2010 emission ceilings for four pollutants (NOx, NMVOC, SO2 and NH3) set under EU and international legislation. The ceiling for nitrogen oxides (NOx) remains by far the most difficult for many countries to meet – 12 countries estimate they will exceed the ceiling, in some cases significantly, by up to 50 %.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Air pollution — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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