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Sound and independent information
on the environment

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Figure Population density and CO2 emissions, selected European cities
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Residential density in mid-1950s and late 1990s (measured by inhabitants/residential km2), selected European cities
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Urban sprawl in Germany, Poland and Czech Republic (1990-2000)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Polarised urban sprawl around major cities and the coast of Portugal and Spain(1990-2000)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Functional changes for urban areas greater than 50 000 inhabitants (1990-2000)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Dublin 1990 and modelled scenario for 2025
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Animation (swf) Welcome to a PRELUDE of Europe's future!
PRELUDE is an EEA project to simulate five contrasting future environmental scenarios for a Europe affected by changing patterns of land use, climate change, agriculture and demographics. The scenarios were created by a group of policy-makers, interest group representatives, experts and independent thinkers from across Europe, combining qualitative analysis and quantitative modelling. This mindstretcher allows you to see how different conditions prompted the various outcomes.
Located in Environmental topics Environmental scenarios Multimedia
Animation (swf) Prelude
Located in Media Interactive Prelude - Scenarios interactive tool
Indicator Assessment chemical/x-pdb Land take (CSI 014/LSI 001) - Assessment published Feb 2011
Land take by the expansion of residential areas and construction sites is the main cause of the increase in the coverage of urban land at the European level. Agricultural zones and, to a lesser extent, forests and semi-natural and natural areas, are disappearing in favour of the development of artificial surfaces. This affects biodiversity since it decreases habitats, the living space of a number of species, and fragments the landscapes that support and connect them. The annual land take in 36 European countries was 111 788 ha/year in 2000-2006. In 21 countries covered by both periods (1990-2000 and 2000-2006) the annual land take increased by 9 % in the later period. The composition of land taken areas changed, too. More arable land and permanent crops, forests, grasslands and open spaces and less pastures and mosaic farmland were taken by artificial development then in 1990-2000. 
Located in Data and maps Indicators Land take
Figure Urban sprawl along the Rhone corridor: south of France (1990-2000)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100