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Sound and independent information
on the environment

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Water
Water is essential for life on our planet. Our ecosystems, society and economy all need clean fresh water in sufficient amounts to thrive. But water resources are under increasing pressure in many parts of the world, and Europe is no exception. We must improve the way we use and manage our water resources if we are to continue to benefit from the vital services our water ecosystems provide.
Located in Environmental topics Water
Figure Absolute source apportioned nitrogen load to Danish coastal waters in the period 1981-2004, divided into diffuse load, point sources to freshwater and point sources to marine waters
Load-oriented approach.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Data Waterbase - Emissions to water
Emissions to water are an important element (describing the pressure) in assessment of the state of Europe’s environment (SoE). This database contains data on emissions of nutrients and hazardous substances to water, aggregated within River Basin Districts (RBDs), in the EEA member countries. The reporting process, endorsed by the Water Directors, and this publication of the data, enables all stakeholders to use the data and contributes to streamlining with other reporting processes.
Located in Data and maps Datasets
Figure Percentage of assessed freshwater animal species in each conservation class in the EU-25 per biogeographic region
The number of assessed species present in each region is given in brackets.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Nutrients in freshwater (CSI 020) - Assessment DRAFT created Sep 2013
Average nitrate concentrations in European groundwaters increased from 1992 to 1998, but have declined again since 2005. On average, the nitrate concentration in European rivers declined by 0.5 mg N/l over the period 1992 to 2011 (20% relative to the average concentration), reflecting the effect of measures to reduce agricultural inputs of nitrate as well as improvement in wastewater treatment. Average orthophosphate concentrations in European rivers have decreased markedly over the last two decades- On average concentrations declined by 0.08 mg P/l between 1992 and 2011 (72% decrease relative to the average concentration). Also average lake phosphorus concentration decreased over the period 1992-2011 (on average by 0.008 mg P/l, or 27% relative to the average concentration). The decrease in phosphorus concentrations reflects both improvement in wastewater treatment and reduction in phosphorus in detergents. Overall, reductions in the levels of freshwater nutrients over the last two decades primarily reflect improvements in wastewater treatment. Emissions from agriculture continue to be a significant source.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Nutrients in freshwater
Data Visualisation Phosphorus concentrations in lakes (total phosphorus) between 1992 and 2011 in different geographical regions of Europe.
Located in Data and maps Visualise your data
Indicator Assessment Bathing water quality (CSI 022) - Assessment published Mar 2012
The quality of water at designated bathing waters in Europe (coastal and inland) has improved significantly since 1990. Compliance with mandatory values in EU coastal bathing waters increased from just below 80 % in 1990 to 92.1 % in 2010. Compliance with guide values likewise rose from over 68 % to 79.5 % in 2010. Compliance with mandatory values in EU inland bathing waters increased from 52 % in 1990 to 90.2 % in 2010. Similarly, the rate of compliance with guide values moved from 36.4 % in 1990 to 60.5 % in 2010.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Bathing water quality
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100