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Figure Annual changes in concentrations of PM10, O3 and NO2 in the period 2001–2010
The data presented were derived from a consistent set of stations in all years. Statistically significant trends (level of significance 0.1) are calculated by applying the Mann-Kendall test. Increasing concentrations are indicated with red dots and decreasing concentrations with green dots, when statistically significant. The applied method is described in de Leeuw, 2012.
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Figure Percentage of the EU urban population exposed to air pollution exceeding WHO air quality guidelines
The figure shows percentage of the EU urban population exposed to air pollution exceeding WHO air quality guidelines
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Data Visualization Percentage of urban population resident in areas for days per year with PM10 concentration exceeding daily limit value
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Figure Contributions to EU emissions from main source sectors of primary PM, NOX, SOX, NMVOCs and NH3, 2002–2011 (Gg/year = 1 000 tonnes/year)
This figure shows the sectoral output of primary PM and precursor gases Various source sectors contribute to the primary anthropogenic PM and precursor gases
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Figure Attainment situation for PM10, PM2.5 and O3 in 2011
The graph is based on the 90.41 percentile of PM10 daily mean concentration values corresponding to the 36th highest daily mean for each Member State; the boxes present the range of concentrations at all stations types (in μg/m3) officially reported by the EU Member States and how the concentrations relate to the limit value set by EU legislation (marked by the red line). The diagram indicates the lowest and highest observations, the means and the lower and upper quartiles. The lower quartile splits the lowest 25 % of the data and the upper quartile splits the highest 25 % of the data. The graph is based on PM2.5 annual mean concentration values; they present the range of concentrations at all stations types (in μg/m3) officially reported by the EU Member States and how the concentrations relate to the target value set by EU legislation (marked by the red line). The diagram indicates the lowest and highest observations, the means and the lower and upper quartiles. The lower quartile splits the lowest 25 % of the data and the upper quartile splits the highest 25 % of the data. The graph is based on the 93.15 percentile of maximum daily 8-hour mean concentration values corresponding to the 26th highest daily maximum of the running 8-h mean for each Member State; the boxes present the range of concentrations at all stations types (in μg/m3) officially reported by the EU Member States and how the concentrations relate to the target value set by EU legislation (marked by the red line). The diagram indicates the lowest and highest observations, the means and the lower and upper quartiles. The lower quartile splits the lowest 25 % of the data and the upper quartile splits the highest 25 % of the data.
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Figure Troff document Concentration status for daily limit value of PM10 (left) and for annual target value of PM2.5 (right), 2011
The left figure is based on the 90.41 percentile of the PM10 daily concentrations, corresponding to the 36th highest daily PM10 concentration, used to compare with the PM10 daily limit value of 50 μg/m3.
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Figure 36th highest 24-hour mean PM10 concentration observed at (sub)urban background stations; compliance is assured when this value is below 50 ug/m3, 2001-2011 (EU-27)
Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Greece and Malta are not included due to missing availability of operational urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations in the Urban Audit cities.
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Figure Percentage of urban population resident in areas for days per year with PM10 concentration exceeding daily limit value, 2001-2011 (EU-27)
The limit value is 50 µg PM10/m3 (24 hour average, i.e. daily), not to be exceeded more than 35 times a calendar year. Over the years 2001-2011 the total population for which exposure estimates are made, increased from 66 to 149 million people due to an increasing number of monitoring stations reporting air quality data under the Exchange of Information Decision. Year-to-year variations in exposure classes are partly caused by the changes in spatial coverage. Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Greece and Malta are not included due to missing availability of operational urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations in the Urban Audit cities.
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Press Release RealAudio broadcast Air pollution still harming health across Europe
Around 90 % of city dwellers in the European Union (EU) are exposed to one of the most damaging air pollutants at levels deemed harmful to health by the World Health Organisation (WHO). This result comes from the latest assessment of air quality in Europe, published by the European Environment Agency (EEA).
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Figure Annual mean particulate matter (PM10) 2010, based on daily average with percentage of valid measurements ≥ 75 % in μg/m3
The red dots indicate stations reporting exceedances of the 2005 annual limit value (40 μg/m3), as set out in the Air Quality Directive. The orange dots indicate stations reporting exceedances of a statistically derived level (31 μg/m3) corresponding to the 24–hour limit value, as set out in the Air Quality Directive. The pale green dots indicate stations reporting exceedances of the WHO air quality guideline for PM10 of less than 20 μg/m3 but not in exceedance of limit values as set out in the Air Quality Directive. The dark green dots indicate stations reporting concentrations below the WHO air quality guideline for PM10 and implicitly below the limit values as set out in the Air Quality Directive.
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European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100