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Figure Landscape fragmentation per country in 2009
Map shows the level of fragmentation for FG-B2 in the 29 countries investigated
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Landscape fragmentation per country for all three fragmentation geometries
Map shows the level of fragmentation in the 29 countries investigated
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Example illustrating the relationship between effective mesh size and effective
In this hypothetical example, the trend remains constant. A linear rise in effective mesh density (right) corresponds to a 1/x curve in the graph of the effective mesh size (left). A slower increase in fragmentation results in a flatter curve for effective mesh size, and a more rapid increase produces a steeper curve. It is therefore easier to read trends off the graph of effective mesh density (right).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Illustration of the behaviour of five landscape metrics in the phases of shrinkage and attrition of the remaining parcels of open landscape due to the growth of an urban area
First row: change of the landscape over time (black lines = highways, black area = residential or commercial area; size of the landscape: 4 km × 4 km = 16 km2). Only the effective mesh size behaves in a suitable way (bottom diagram). APS and n both exhibit a jump in their values (even though the process in the landscape is continuous); DTL and nUDA100 do not respond to the increase in fragmentation. (meff = effective mesh size, n = number of patches, APS = average patch size, nUDA100 = number of large undissected low-traffic areas > 100 km2, DTL = density of transportation lines).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Sybase Advantage Database Server Four ecological impacts of roads on animal populations and the time lag for their cumulative effect
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Effect of road network density on the abundance of brown hare in Canton Aargau, Switzerland
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication Landscape fragmentation in Europe
Joint EEA-FOEN report
Located in Publications
Highlight Increasing fragmentation of landscape threatens European wildlife
Roads, motorways, railways, intensive agriculture and urban developments are breaking up Europe’s landscapes into ever-smaller pieces, with potentially devastating consequences for flora and fauna across the continent, according to a new joint report from the European Environment Agency (EEA) and the Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN). The report, 'Landscape fragmentation in Europe', demonstrates how areas of land are often unable to support high levels of biodiversity when they are split into smaller and smaller parcels.
Located in News
Figure Relative contribution of land-cover categories to uptake by urban and other artificial land development
Origin of land uptake as % of total uptake
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment chemical/x-pdb Land take
Land take by the expansion of residential areas and construction sites is the main cause of the increase in the coverage of urban land at the European level. Agricultural zones and, to a lesser extent, forests and semi-natural and natural areas, are disappearing in favour of the development of artificial surfaces. This affects biodiversity since it decreases habitats, the living space of a number of species, and fragments the landscapes that support and connect them. The annual land take in 36 European countries was 111 788 ha/year in 2000-2006. In 21 countries covered by both periods (1990-2000 and 2000-2006) the annual land take increased by 9 % in the later period. The composition of land taken areas changed, too. More arable land and permanent crops, forests, grasslands and open spaces and less pastures and mosaic farmland were taken by artificial development then in 1990-2000. 
Located in Data and maps Indicators Land take
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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