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Publication EEA report 1/2006 - Using the market for cost-effective environmental policy
Located in Publications
Publication How much bioenergy can Europe produce without harming the environment?
The purpose of this report is to assess how much biomass could technically be available for energy production without increasing pressures on the environment. As such, it develops a number of environmental criteria for bioenergy production, which are then used as assumptions for modelling the primary potential. These criteria were developed on a European scale. Complementary assessments at more regional and local scale are recommended as a follow-up of this work.
Located in Publications
Publication Diverting waste from landfill - Effectiveness of waste-management policies in the European Union
Issued in 1999, the Landfill Directive marked a decisive shift from landfill towards the EU's new waste hierarchy, which prioritises waste prevention, followed by re-use, recycling and recovery, and seeks to avoid landfilling wherever feasible. The Landfill Directive set targets for progressively reducing the amount of biodegradable municipal waste landfilled in the period to 2016. A decade on from the Landfill Directive's enactment seems a fitting time to review progress and extract key lessons for policy-makers in Europe and elsewhere. Through individual and comparative analyses of waste management in five countries and one sub-national region (Estonia, Finland, the Flemish Region of Belgium, Germany, Hungary and Italy), as well as an econometric analysis of the EU–25 Member States, this report seeks to answer a number of important questions, including: To what extent was waste management practice changed in the last decade? How much of the change was due to the Landfill Directive (and other EU instruments)? What measures and institutional arrangements did countries introduce? Which measures and arrangements proved most effective in different national and regional contexts?
Located in Publications
Figure Trend in generation of municipal waste in the EU, EFTA countries, Turkey and Western Balkan countries, 2003 and 2010
The figure is a bar plot of the generation of municipal waste in kg per capita, covering 2003 and 2010.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure chemical/x-pdb Development of municipal waste management in 32 European countries, 2001–2010
The amount of municipal waste related to treatment in million tonnes
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Recent trends in municipal waste incineration with energy recovery, 2000-2005
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Press Release Octet Stream Highest recycling rates in Austria and Germany – but UK and Ireland show fastest increase
Austria, Germany and Belgium recycled the largest proportion of municipal waste in Europe in 2010. Although some countries have rapidly increased recycling rates, Europe is still wasting vast quantities of valuable resources by sending them to landfill, and many countries risk falling short of legally binding recycling targets.
Located in Media News
Figure Development of municipal waste management in the EU-27, 1995–2010
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Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure chemical/x-pdb Number of countries at different levels of the municipal waste management hierarchy, 2001 and 2010
The number of countries achieving defined levels of MSW management in 2001 and 2010. Countries > 25% recycling, > 25% incineration, > 50% landfilling and >75% landfilling. Each country can be included in several waste management categories. Therefore, the total number of countries is greater than 32.
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Figure Projected generation and landfilling of municipal waste in the EU-25
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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