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Indicator Assessment Production and consumption of ozone depleting substances (CSI 006) - Assessment published Jan 2009
Implementation of the Montreal Protocol has led to a decrease in the atmospheric burden of ozone-depleting substances (ODSs) in the lower atmosphere and in the stratosphere. The total production and consumption of ozone depleting substances in EEA member countries has decreased strongly since the Montreal Protocol was signed in 1987, and it is practically zero nowadays. However, the ozone hole expanded in 2008 to 27 million square kilometres, equivalent to about 6 times the territory of the EU.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Production and consumption of ozone depleting substances
Figure Total emissions of acidifying substances (sulphur, nitrogen) and of eutrophying nitrogen in the EEA-32 for 1990 to 2004
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Emissions of NOx in 2005
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Exceedance of the 5 percentile critical loads for eutrophying nitrogen, 1995
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Sector split of emissions of acidifying pollutants (EEA member countries; EU-15; EU-27 - EU-15; EFTA-4 and CC-3)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Ozone SOMO35, 2004
Combined rural and urban concentration map of the ozone SOMO35, 2004.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Example of a smog episode
Example of a smog episode: stations that reported an hourly ozone concentration in excess of 180 µg/m3, 3, 5, 8 and 10 August 2003 (all station types)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Zone exceedances of the daily SO2 limit value, 2005
Zone exceedances of the daily SO2 limit value, 2005, reported under Annual report (questionnaire) on air quality assessment and management (2004/461/EC).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Consumption of ozone depleting substances (EU-27), 1986-2009
Consumption is defined as production plus imports minus exports of controlled substances under the Montreal Protocol. As with calculated production, the consumption of ODS can be negative, also because exports in any one year can exceed production and imports if they include ODS from carry-over stocks.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone (CSI 005) - Assessment published May 2012
Eutrophication The magnitude of the risk of ecosystem eutrophication and its geographical coverage has diminished only slightly over the years. The predictions for 2010 and 2020 indicate that the risk is still widespread over Europe. This is in conflict with the EU's long-term objective of not exceeding critical loads of airborne acidifying and eutrophying substances in sensitive ecosystem areas (National Emission Ceilings Directive, 6th Environmental Action Programme, Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution). Acidification The situation has considerably improved and it is predicted to improve further. The interim environmental objective for 2010 (National Emission Ceilings Directive) will most likely not be met completely. However, the European ecosystem areas where the critical load will be exceeded is predicted to have declined by more than 80 % in 2010 with 1990 as a base year. By 2020, it is expected that the risk of ecosystem acidification will only be an issue at some hot spots, in particular at the border area between the Netherlands and Germany. Ozone (O 3 ) Most vegetation and agricultural crops are exposed to ozone levels exceeding the long-term objective given in the EU Air Quality Directive. A significant fraction is also exposed to levels above the 2010 target value defined in the Directive. Concentrations in 2008 were on the average higher than in 2007. The effect-related accumulated concentrations, addressing exposure of crops to ozone over several summer months, shows large year-to-year variations, there is a non-significance tendency to increase.  
Located in Data and maps Indicators Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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