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Indicator Assessment chemical/x-pdb Land take
Land take by the expansion of residential areas and construction sites is the main cause of the increase in the coverage of urban land at the European level. Agricultural zones and, to a lesser extent, forests and semi-natural and natural areas, are disappearing in favour of the development of artificial surfaces. This affects biodiversity since it decreases habitats, the living space of a number of species, and fragments the landscapes that support and connect them. The annual land take in 36 European countries was 111 788 ha/year in 2000-2006. In 21 countries covered by both periods (1990-2000 and 2000-2006) the annual land take increased by 9 % in the later period. The composition of land taken areas changed, too. More arable land and permanent crops, forests, grasslands and open spaces and less pastures and mosaic farmland were taken by artificial development then in 1990-2000. 
Located in Data and maps Indicators Land take
SOER Message (Deprecated) Land use — key message 4
Current land use trends are likely to continue though possibly at a lower rate, with built-up area increasing at the expense of agricultural land uses and natural areas. Within agriculture, arable land for food and energy crops is likely to gain share at the expense of grassland and permanent crops over the next decade. This would have significant environmental implications.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Land use — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
Figure Land cover by category in the Western Balkans, 2000
Land cover by category in the Western Balkans, 2000
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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