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Folder Europe's protected areas
The European Environment Agency is compiling data about protected areas in Europe via the data flows on Natura 2000 and Nationally designated areas, reported by the countries. The material and analyses presented on these pages are based on the EEA report "Protected areas in Europe - an overview" from 2012.
Located in Environmental topics Biodiversity
Complementarity between national designations and international networks
The system of protected areas in Europe is complex, and in many cases, there is a complementarity and overlap between different designation‑types at various levels.
Located in Environmental topics Europe's protected areas Facts and figures
Protected areas
Located in Environmental topics Biodiversity Europe's protected areas
Directives of the European Union
Environmental policy instruments important for the establishment of protected areas in Europe.
Located in Environmental topics Europe's protected areas Policy framework
Conventions on European seas
Environmental policy instruments important for the establishment of protected areas in Europe.
Located in Environmental topics Europe's protected areas Policy framework
Other instruments
Environmental policy instruments important for the establishment of protected areas in Europe.
Located in Environmental topics Europe's protected areas Policy framework
Policy framework
European policy regarding protected areas is mostly the product of initiatives from two main sources: the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, and the European Union itself. However, other international conventions have also been promoting the creation of protected areas e.g. Ramsar Convention, World Heritage Convention, Bonn Convention.
Located in Environmental topics Biodiversity Europe's protected areas
Conventions at the global level
Environmental policy instruments important for the establishment of protected areas in Europe.
Located in Environmental topics Europe's protected areas Policy framework
Conventions at the European level
Environmental policy instruments important for the establishment of protected areas in Europe.
Located in Environmental topics Europe's protected areas Policy framework
Progress in the proposal and designation of sites
Protected areas have taken many forms historically, from medieval hunting reserves, to more modern national parks and nature reserves. These different forms reflected the different needs that protected areas were created to serve, whether it was protecting the resource of wild game, preserving natural beauty or, more recently, safeguarding biodiversity. The last century has seen a great increase in both the number of protected areas and the total surface area that has received protected designation.
Located in Environmental topics Europe's protected areas Facts and figures
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100