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Indicator Assessment Exceedance of air quality limit values in urban areas (CSI 004) - Assessment published Aug 2010
Particulate Matter (PM 10 ) In the period 1997-2008, 18-50 % of the urban population was potentially exposed to ambient air concentrations of particulate matter (PM 10 ) in excess of the EU limit value set for the protection of human health (50 microgram /m 3 daily mean not be exceeded more than 35 days a calendar year); (Figure 1). Nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) In the period 1997-2008, 6-41 % of the urban population was potentially exposed to ambient air nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) concentrations above the EU limit value set for the protection of human health (40 microgram NO 2 /m 3 annual mean). There was a slight downwards trend over the period (Figure 1). Ozone (O 3 ) In the period 1997-2008, 13-62 % of the urban population in Europe was exposed to ambient ozone concentrations exceeding the EU target value set for the protection of human health (120 microgram O 3 /m 3 daily maximum 8-hourly average, not to be exceeded more than 25 times a calendar year by 2010). The 62 % of the urban population exposed to ambient ozone concentrations over the EU target value was recorded in 2003, which was the record year. There was no discernible trend over the period (Figure 1). Sulphur dioxide (SO 2 ) In the period 1997-2008, the fraction of the urban population in EEA-32 member countries that is potentially exposed to ambient air concentrations of sulphur dioxide in excess of the EU limit value set for the protection of human health (125 microgram SO 2 /m 3 daily mean not to be exceeded more than three days a year), decreased to less than 1 %, and as such the EU limit value set is close to being met everywhere in the urban background (Figure 1).
Located in Data and maps Indicators Exceedance of air quality limit values in urban areas
Figure Contribution to total change in PM10 emissions for each sector 1990-2008 (EEA member countries)
The contribution made by each sector to the total change in primary PM10 particulate matter emission between 1990 and 2008.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure D source code Percentage change in PM2.5 and PM10 emissions 1990-2008 (EEA member countries)
The reported change in primary PM2.5 and PM10 particulate matter for each country, 1990-2008.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Sector contributions of emissions of primary particulate matter and secondary precursors (EEA member countries)
The contribution made by different sectors to emissions of primary PM2.5 and PM10, and to emissions of the secondary particulate matter precursors.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Emissions of primary PM2.5 and PM10 particulate matter (CSI 003/APE 009) - Assessment published Dec 2011
Total emissions of primary PM 10 particulate matter have reduced by 27% across the EEA-32 region between 1990 and 2009, driven by a 34% reduction in emissions of the fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 ) fraction; emissions of particulates between 2.5 and 10 µm have risen slightly (10%) over the same period. Of this reduction in PM 10 emissions, 37% has taken place in the 'Energy Production and Distribution' sector due reasons including the fuel-switching from coal to natural gas for electricity generation and improvements in the performance of pollution abatement equipment installed at industrial facilities.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Emissions of primary PM2.5 and PM10 particulate matter
Figure Sector contributions of emissions of primary particulate matter in 2010 (EEA member countries)
The contribution made by different sectors to emissions of primary PM2.5 and PM10 in 2010.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Emissions of primary PM2.5 and PM10 particulate matter (EEA member countries)
This chart shows past emission trends of primary PM2.5 and PM10 particulate matter, 1990-2010. The EU-27 2020 Gothenburg emission target is also depicted in the chart.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Percentage change in PM2.5 and PM10 emissions 1990-2010 (EEA member countries)
The reported change in primary PM2.5 and PM10 particulate matter for each country, 1990-2010. The EU27 2020 Gothenburg national emission ceilings are also depicted in the chart.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Contribution to total change in PM10 emissions for each sector between 1990 and 2010 (EEA member countries)
The contribution made by each sector to the total change in primary PM10 particulate matter emission between 1990 and 2010.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Annual mean particulate matter (PM10) 2010, based on daily average with percentage of valid measurements ≥ 75 % in μg/m3
The red dots indicate stations reporting exceedances of the 2005 annual limit value (40 μg/m3), as set out in the Air Quality Directive. The orange dots indicate stations reporting exceedances of a statistically derived level (31 μg/m3) corresponding to the 24–hour limit value, as set out in the Air Quality Directive. The pale green dots indicate stations reporting exceedances of the WHO air quality guideline for PM10 of less than 20 μg/m3 but not in exceedance of limit values as set out in the Air Quality Directive. The dark green dots indicate stations reporting concentrations below the WHO air quality guideline for PM10 and implicitly below the limit values as set out in the Air Quality Directive.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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