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Figure Trends in electricity consumption per capita (1990-2010)
Average annual percentage change in final electricity consumption, 1990-2010
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Efficiency of conventional thermal electricity generation (ENER 019) - Assessment published Sep 2010
The efficiency of electricity and heat production from conventional thermal power and district heating plants improved steadily from 43.5% in 1990 to 49.0% in 2006, but decreased to 48.3% in 2007 because of lower heat production. The improvement until 2006 was due to the closure of old inefficient plants, improvements in existing technologies, often combined with a switch from coal power plants to more efficient combined cycle gas-turbines. The environmental benefits resulting from the increase in efficiency of the conventional thermal electricity and heat production (including biomass were offset by the rapid growth in fossil-fuel based (oil, gas, coal & lignite) electricity production (30.0% in the period 1990-2007).  
Located in Data and maps Indicators Efficiency of conventional thermal electricity generation
Indicator Assessment Renewable electricity consumption (CSI 031/ENER 030) - Assessment published Sep 2010
In 2007, the share of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption in the EU-27 was 15.6 % compared to 11.9% in 1990. The substantial increase in the total amount of renewable electricity generation (up by 68% since 1990) was partially off-set by the increase in electricity consumption. Between 2006 and 2007, the electricity production from wind increased by 26.7% and that from photovoltaics increased by 51.4%. Despite good progress, only three countries have already met the indicative national target, meaning that much more needs to be done to achieve the overall target of 21% by 2010.    
Located in Data and maps Indicators Renewable electricity consumption
Figure Gross electricity production by fuel, EU-27
The total volume of electricity produced from renewable sources increased by 288 TWh between 1990 and 2008: this represents an increase of 87.2 % (3.5 %/year on average). From 1990 to 2003, the share of renewable in the electricity production remained quite stable (13-14%); from 2003 to 2008 this share has increased from 13.9% to 18.4%. Most of this increase can be attributed to Germany, Sweden, France, Spain and Italy with a respective share of 17.7%, 13.3%, 13.1%, 11.1% and 10.7% in the EU-27 electricity production from renewable. From 2003 to 2008, electricity production from renewable has increased by 6.4% per year in the EU-27, with an annual growth rate of 15.1% for Denmark, 13.4% for Netherlands, 9.0%/year for Germany and 8.0%/year for Ireland from 1990. Substantial growth will be required to meet the indicative EU-27 target of a 20 % share of renewable in final energy consumption by 2020 (see also ENER030 and ENER029).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Total final energy consumption by sector in the EU-27, 1990-2010
Consists of 5 figures that show the total final energy consumption, final energy consumption of petroleum products, final energy consumption of electricity, final energy consumption of natural gas and final energy consumption of solid fuel, all by sector in the EU-27.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure EU Electricity production from nuclear (percentages relative to 1990 level)
EU Electricity production from nuclear (percentages relative to 1990 level). Spent fuels arisings: Data for Bulgaria is not included due to a lack of information. No 2008 and 2009 data available for Lithuania, Romania, Slovenia and Sweden, so 2007 data rolled. Lithuania closed its last nuclear reactor at the end of 2009.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Final electricity consumption by sector, EU-27
Final electricity consumption by sector, EU-27. Influenced by the liberalisation of the power market, electricity prices decreased during the 1990s but they have started to rise again in the last few years
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Average annual growth rate in electricity consumption by sector, 1990-2009, 2005-2009 and 2008-2009, EU-27
Average annual growth rate in electricity consumption by sector, 1990-2009, 2005-2009 and 2008-2009 in EU-27
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Efficiency (electricity and heat) production from conventional thermal plants, 1990, 2009
The EEA efficiencies exclude Iceland (and Croatia) (for conventional) and Iceland and Norway (and Croatia) (for public conventional). Iceland is missing because there is no data in Eurostat this year. Croatia was included last year but has been excluded because it is not part of EEA32. For Norway its efficiency is above 100% in 1990 because the electricity consumed for heating is not considered as an input, although the heating from electric boilers is considered in total output. Swedish conventional and public conventional efficiencies are above 100% in some years (when including district heating), but not in 1990 or in 2009, so Sweden is included in the charts.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Total final energy consumption by sector in the EU-27, 1990-2009
Consists of 5 figures that show the total final energy consumption, final energy consumption of petroleum products, final energy consumption of electricity, final energy consumption of natural gas and final energy consumption of solid fuel, all by sector in the EU-27.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
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Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100