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Figure Particulate matter (PM10) - Daily limit value for the protection of human health
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Figure Particulate matter (PM10) - Daily limit value for the protection of human health
In the air quality directive (2008/EC/50), the EU has set two limit values for particulate matter (PM10) for the protection of human health: the PM10 daily mean value may not exceed 50 micrograms per cubic metre (µg/m3) more than 35 times in a year and the PM10 annual mean value may not exceed 40 micrograms per cubic metre (µg/m3). In some areas time extensions have been granted by DG Environment for meeting these limit values. Information about time extensions is provided by DG Environment at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/air/quality/legislation/time_extensions.htm
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Figure Percentage of population exposed to NO2 annual concentrations in urban areas, 2001-2011 (EU-27)
The annual mean limit value is 40 µg NO2/m3. Over the years 2001-2010 the total population, for which exposure estimates are made, increased from 93 to 124 million people due to an increasing number of monitoring stations reporting air quality data under the Exchange of Information Decision. Year-to-year variations in exposure classes are partly caused by the changes in spatial coverage. Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Cyprus, Greece and Malta, are not included due to missing availability of operational urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations in the Urban Audit cities.
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Figure Percentage of population exposed to NO2 annual concentrations in urban areas, 1997-2009 (EU-27)
The annual mean limit value is 40 µg NO2/m3 and to be met by 2010. Over the years 1997-2009 the total population, for which exposure estimates are made, increased from 54 to 118 million people due to an increasing number of monitoring stations reporting air quality data under the Exchange of Information Decision. Year-to-year variations in exposure classes are partly caused by the changes in spatial coverage. Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Cyprus, Luxembourg and Malta, are not included due to the geographical coverage of the Urban Audit.
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Figure Percentage of population exposed to NO2 annual concentrations in urban areas, 2001-2010 (EU-27)
The annual mean limit value is 40 µg NO2/m3 and to be met by 2010. Over the years 2001-2010 the total population, for which exposure estimates are made, increased from 92 to 116 million people due to an increasing number of monitoring stations reporting air quality data under the Exchange of Information Decision. Year-to-year variations in exposure classes are partly caused by the changes in spatial coverage. Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Cyprus and Malta, are not included due to missing availability of operational urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations in the Urban Audit cities.
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Figure Percentage of population exposed to NO2 annual concentrations in urban areas, EEA member countries, 1997-2008
The annual mean limit value is 40 µg NO2/m³. Over the years 1997-2008 the total population, for which exposure estimates are made, increased from 55 to 118 million people due to an increasing number of monitoring stations reporting air quality data under the Exchange of Information Decision. Year-to-year variations in exposure classes are partly caused by the changes in spatial coverage. Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, and Turkey are not included due to the geographical coverage of the Urban Audit and/or lack of air quality data.
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Figure Percentage of population resident in urban areas potentially exposed to NO2 concentration levels exceeding the annual limit value, EEA member countries, 1997-2007
The annual mean limit value is 40 µg NO2/m3. Over the years 1997-2007 the total population, for which exposure estimates are made, increased from 54 to 113 million people due to an increasing number of monitoring stations reporting air quality data under the Exchange of Information Decision.
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Figure Percentage of population resident in urban areas potentially exposed to SO2 concentration levels exceeding the daily limit value, EEA member countries, 1997-2007
The limit value is 125 µg SO2/m3 as a daily mean, not to be exceeded more than three days in a year. Over the years 1997-2007 the total population for which exposure estimates are made, increases from 56 to 101 million people due to an increasing number of monitoring stations reporting under the Exchange of Information Decision.
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Figure Percentage of population resident in urban areas potentially exposed to PM10 concentration levels exceeding the daily limit value, EEA member countries, 1997-2007
The limit value is 50 µg PM10/m3 (24 hour average, i.e. daily), not to be exceeded more than 35 times a calendar year. Over the years 1997-2007 the total population for which exposure estimates are made, increases from 25 to 109 million people due to an increasing number of monitoring stations reporting air quality data under the Exchange of Information Decision.
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Figure Percentage of population resident in urban areas potentially exposed to O3 concentration levels over the long-term objective for protection of human health, EEA member countries, 1997-2007
The target value is 120 µg O3/m3 as daily maximum of 8 hour mean, not to be exceeded more than 25 days per calendar year, averaged over three years. Over the years 1997-2006 the total population for which exposure estimates are made, increases from 48 to 112 million people due to an increasing number of monitoring stations reporting under the Exchange of Information Decision.
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European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100