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SOER Message (Deprecated) Air pollution — key message 2
As the amounts of acidifying air pollutants have fallen, the area of acid-sensitive ecosystems (such as freshwaters and forest soils) adversely affected in Europe has considerably reduced. Nonetheless, biological recovery in freshwaters is slow. The area of sensitive terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems affected by an excess input of atmospheric nitrogen in the EEA-32 has only diminished slightly between 1990 and 2010. The EU’s long-term objective of not exceeding the so-called critical atmospheric pollutant loads, which ecosystems can tolerate, has not been met.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Air pollution — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
Indicator Assessment Emission intensity of the domestic sector in Europe (WREI 002) - Assessment DRAFT created Dec 2014
The absolute decoupling of nutrient emissions from the domestic sector and population growth, over a period of almost two decades (1990-2011), is observed in fourteen countries (Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Finland, Ireland, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovenia and Turkey). The actual extent of decoupling, and the differences in trends among countries, may be partially explained by the different numbers of inhabitants connected to tertiary wastewater treatment technologies. When making an EU wide comparison of the extent of decoupling of nutrient emissions from population growth, the actual proportion of the population connected to different types of wastewater treatment (elaborated in indicator CSI 024 ) and the completeness of data available on the population connected to collecting systems without treatment should be taken into consideration. The implementation status of the Urban Waste Water treatment Directive (UWWTD), which protects the water environment from the adverse effects of discharges of urban waste water, as well as the level of investment in water and wastewater management, may have an impact. Similarly, the implementation status of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) and Groundwater Directive may also have an impact. Furthermore household patterns and household income level affect the production and composition of wastewater and should also be considered. It is assumed that the use of actual data on loads discharged from wastewater treatment plants, combined with the load values calculated for the population not connected to wastewater treatment, would add value to the decoupling indicator as it would better reflect the real situation.  
Located in Data and maps Indicators Emission intensity of the domestic sector in Europe
Figure Exceedance of the 5 percentile conditional critical loads for acidifying nitrogen, 1995
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Emission trends of nitrogen oxides (EEA member countries, EU-27 Member States)
This chart shows past emission trends of nitrogen oxides in the EEA-32 and EU-27 group of countries. In addition - for the EU-27 - the 2010 emission ceiling and aggregated projections reported by Member States are shown.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Nitrogenous fertiliser consumption
Nitrogenous fertiliser comsumption per agricultural land area unit.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Long time series of source apportioned load of nitrogen and phosphorus (kg/ha/year on y axes) in the period 1975 - 2003.
Mixed approaches.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Octet Stream Exceedance of critical loads of nutrient nitrogen, 2004 EMEP NO3-N and NH4-N deposition data
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Emissions of nitrogen oxides and ammonia in 1995 at 50km resolution (tonnes of N per year)
Notes: Includes emissions from shipping in the North Sea and the north-east Altantic (Lloyd's Register of Shipping [1995]: Marine Exhaust Emission Research Programme
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Nitrogen balance per hectare of agricultural land in OECD countries
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Emissions of ozone precursors (CSI 002/APE 008) - Assessment published Dec 2011
Emissions of the main ground-level ozone precursor pollutants have decreased across the EEA-32 region between 1990 and 2009; nitrogen oxides (NO X ) by 41%, non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) by 51%, carbon monoxide (CO) by 61%, and methane (CH 4 ) by 27%. This decrease has been achieved mainly as a result of the introduction of catalytic converters for vehicles. These changes have significantly reduced emissions of NO X and CO from the road transport sector, the main source of ozone precursor emissions. The EU-27 is still some way from meeting its 2010 target to reduce emissions of NO X , one of the two ozone precursors (NO X and NMVOC) for which emission limits exist under the EU’s National Emissions Ceiling Directive (NECD). Whilst total NMVOC emissions in the EU-27 were below the NECD limit in 2009, a number of individual Member States anticipate missing their ceilings for one or either of these two pollutants. Of the three non-EU countries having emission ceilings for 2010 set under the UNECE/CLRTAP Gothenburg protocol (Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland), all three countries reported NMVOC emissions in 2009 that were lower than their respective 2010 ceilings. However both Liechtenstein and Norway reported NO X emissions in 2009 that were substantially higher than their respective 2010 ceilings.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Emissions of ozone precursors
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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