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Figure Chlorophyll-a concentrations in European seas, 2008
Chlorophyll-a concentrations in European seas in 2008 based on observations
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Oxygen consuming substances in rivers (CSI 019/WAT 002) - Assessment DRAFT created Apr 2012
Concentrations of BOD and total ammonium have decreased in European rivers in the period 1992 to 2009 (Fig. 1), mainly due to general improvement in wastewater treatment. See also WISE interactive maps:   Mean annual BOD in rivers and Mean annual Total Ammonium in rivers
Located in Data and maps Indicators Oxygen consuming substances in rivers
Indicator Assessment Nutrients in freshwater (CSI 020/WAT 003) - Assessment DRAFT created Apr 2012
•    Average nitrate concentrations in European groundwaters increased from 1992 to 1998, but have declined again since 2004. •    The average nitrate concentration in European rivers decreased by approximately 13% between 1992 and 2009 (from 2.5 to 2.1 mg/l N), reflecting the effect of measures to reduce agricultural inputs of nitrate. •    Average orthophosphate concentrations in European rivers have decreased markedly over the last two decades, being halved between 1992 and 2009 (52% decrease). Also average lake phosphorus concentration decreased over the period 1992-2009 (by 22%), the major part of the decrease occurring in the first half of the period. The decrease in phosphorus concentrations reflects both improvement in wastewater treatment and reduction in phosphorus in detergents. •    Overall, reductions in the levels of freshwater nutrients over the last two decades primarily reflect improvements in wastewater treatment. Emissions from agriculture continue to be a significant source.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Nutrients in freshwater
Indicator Assessment Urban waste water treatment (CSI 024/WAT 005) - Assessment published Jan 2013
Wastewater treatment in all parts of Europe has improved during the last 15-20 years. The percentage of the population connected to wastewater treatment in the Southern, South-Eastern and Eastern Europe has increased over the last ten years. Latest values of population connected to wastewater treatment in the Southern countries are comparable to the values of Central and Northern countries, whereas the values of Eastern and South-Eastern Europe are still relatively low compared to Central and Northern Europe.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Urban waste water treatment
Image text/texmacs SOER 2010 assessments
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015
Highlight Land use conflicts necessitate integrated policy
Demand for land in Europe is high. Food and biomass production, housing, infrastructure and recreation all compete for space, with impacts on our climate, biodiversity and ecosystem services. In a recent assessment, the European Environment Agency (EEA) analyses land use change in Europe, concluding that we need an integrated policy approach based on reliable data to balance sectoral demands and manage land sustainably.
Located in News
Figure The nitrogen cycle
Global scheme of nitrogen cycle, showing major nitrogen reservoirs (atmosphere, soil and living organisms), major processes (nitrification, denitrification, nitrogen fixation, assimilation etc.) and actors (plants, animals, bacteria, human beings).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication Consumption and the environment — 2012 update
Update to the European Environment State and Outlook 2010 (SOER 2010) thematic assessment
Located in Publications
Figure Development of Ecological Footprint and Available Biocapacity per capita in EEA Member Countries
The ecological footprint is a measure of the area needed to support a population's lifestyle. This includes the consumption of food, fuel, wood, and fibres. Pollution, such as carbon dioxide emissions, is also counted as part of the footprint. Biocapacity measures how biologically productive land is. It is measured in 'global hectares': a hectare with the world average biocapacity. Biologically productive land includes cropland, pasture, forests and fisheries
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Pascal source code Sensitivity to desertification index map
Map from the DISMED project (Desertification Information System for the Mediterranean) showing the sensitivity to desertification and drought as defined by the sensitivity to desertification index (SDI) based on soil quality, climate and vegetation parameters.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
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Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100