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Figure Trade balance for food, clothing and electric and electronic goods by weight
The graph shows the trade flows of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) products, food products and clothing between EU-27 and the rest of the world in 2012. Food trade includes live animals. Data for food refer to 2010.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication Material resources and waste — SOER 2010 thematic assessment
The European economy needs huge amounts of resources to function. Apart from consuming minerals, metals, concrete and wood, Europe burns fossil fuels and uses land to satisfy the needs of its citizens. Demand for materials is so intense that between 20 and 30 % of the resources we use are now imported. At the other end of the materials chain, the EU economy generates around six tons of waste per person every year. With the boom in international trade, EU consumption and production may potentially damage ecosystems and human health not only within but also far beyond its borders.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Thematic assessments
SOER Message (Deprecated) Material resources and waste — key message 1
Europe, like much of the industrialized world, is using an increasing amount of materials. The EU-27 average annual use of material resources is some 16 tonnes per person. On average, about six tonnes of waste per person are generated each year in the EU-27. Demand for materials has long exceeded Europe's ability to generate by itself what it needs – 20-30 % of resources used are imported.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Material resources and waste — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Material resources and waste — key message 2
Resource use and waste generation in the EU-27 have been decoupled from economic growth. However, in most countries resource use and waste generation still increase in absolute figures. Although resource efficiency continues to improve, the growth of material productivity has for decades been slower than the increase in labour productivity. There are no indications that the 6th Environment Action Programme (6th EAP) objective of the EU becoming 'the most resource-efficient economy in the world' is being met.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Material resources and waste — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Material resources and waste — key message 3
The overall trend in waste generation, including hazardous waste, is upwards. The 6th EAP objective of substantially reducing waste generation has neither been achieved nor is likely to be met in the coming decades unless production and consumption patterns are transformed.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Material resources and waste — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Material resources and waste — key message 4
The management of waste has improved, with many countries recycling and recovering more, but more efforts are needed if the EU is to become a 'recycling society'. Implementation of existing legislation remains crucial, especially on the illegal shipments of waste, illegal or sub-standard landfilling, and packaging and electric and electronic equipment waste management.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Material resources and waste — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Material resources and waste — key message 5
The environmental pressures of Europe's consumption and production patterns, potentially resulting in damage to ecosystems and human health impacts, spread far beyond its borders. Most outlooks predict continued growth in the use of material resources both in the EU and globally, with key waste streams increasing as well.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Material resources and waste — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
SOER Message (Deprecated) Material resources and waste — key message 6
Policy has only recently begun to address the challenges of the growing use of resources. Most actions taken to date do not comprehensively address the upstream causes of growth, focusing instead on the downstream consequences. As yet, there are no broadly accepted and robust methods for measuring the impacts of resource use, and few concrete targets or indicators exist. Policies aimed at the prevention of waste remain weak.
Located in The European environment — state and outlook 2015 Material resources and waste — SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
Figure Recycling rates for packaging waste in 2009 by country
Generation and recycling of packaging waste in the member countries of the European Environment Agency. The data show that 17 countries in 2009 met the 2009 target of the Packaging Waste Directive (2004/12/EC) to recycle at least 55% of packaging waste generated, and two countries missed the 2001 target to recycle at least 25%.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Growth in the Productivity of Labour, Energy and materials for selected European countries
This figure shows the development of labour productivity, energy productivity and material productivity in selected European countries.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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