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Figure Intended (2008–2012) and actual (2008–2010) average annual use of the Kyoto mechanisms
Positive values indicate net acquisition of Kyoto units while negative values indicate net sales. The actual use of Kyoto mechanisms is based on the delivery of units according to the SEF table. Countries might have acquired more units than are recorded in the SEF tables, e.g. due to delivery dates later in the commitment period. For the United Kingdom, SEF tables include the overseas territories and the crown dependencies of the United Kingdom. For the purposes of the implementation of Article 4 of the KP and as they are not part of the EC, the overseas territories and the crown dependencies of the United Kingdom were excluded from the initial assigned amount of the United Kingdom under the EC. In consequence, the trade of AAUs is slightly overestimated for the United Kingdom, as SEF tables for the geographical coverage of the United Kingdom under the EC only are not available. For Denmark, Greenland is included in the SEF tables. For the purposes of the implementation of Article 4 of the KP and as Greenland is not part of the EC, Greenland was excluded from the initial assigned amount of Denmark under the EC. In consequence, the trade of AAUs is slightly overestimated for Denmark, as SEF tables for the geographical coverage of Denmark under the EC only are not available. In Switzerland, the government decided to increase the use of flexible mechanisms compared to the current figure in order to achieve the Kyoto target.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Sectoral trends and projections of EU GHG emissions
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Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure GHG emissions in the EU-27 by gas and by sector, 2008
Emissions from international aviation and international maritime navigation, which are not covered by the Kyoto Protocol, are not included here.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Absolute change and average annual relative change of GHG emissions from transport in the EU, 1990-2008
Countries sorted according to absolute change between 1990 and 2008. Average annual relative change (%) = (last year/base year)(1/number of years) – 1.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Decomposition analysis of CH4 emission trends from enteric fermentation of cattle in the EU, 1990–2008
Each bar shows the contribution of a single driver on GHG emission trends during a determined period. The thick short black lines indicate the combined effect of all emission drivers, i.e. the overall GHG emission trend during the period considered.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Gross electricity generation by fuel in the EU
The figure on the right represents a zoom of the figure on the left, for renewable sources only.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Gaps between average total 2008–2011 emissions and Kyoto targets without the use of carbon sinks and flexible mechanisms
Each bar represents the percentage change of domestic emissions compared to base‑year emissions; the yellow line represents the Kyoto or burden-sharing target in relation to base‑year emissions. The numbers represent the gap between emissions and targets, expressed in percentage of base‑year emissions. A positive value (and black arrow pointing up) indicates that total emissions were lower than the Kyoto or burden-sharing target. A negative value (and orange arrow pointing down) indicates that total emissions were higher than the Kyoto or burden-sharing target. For Liechtenstein, Croatia and Iceland, the comparison is based on average total 2008–2010 emissions, due to the unavailability of approximated 2011 GHG emission estimates.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure D source code Breakdown of current progress achieved by European countries towards their Kyoto targets by the end of 2011
The assessment is based on emissions and the targets of the sectors not covered under the EU ETS, the planned use of flexible mechanisms as well as the expected effect of LULUCF activities. A positive sign signifies a favourable contribution towards target achievement. EU‑15* includes all overachievements but those of the United Kingdom, which will be cancelled following the Carbon Accounting Regulations (Statutory instruments, 2009. No 1257). 'EU‑15 (no overachievement)' corresponds to the situation of the EU‑15 where all surplus AAUs from target overachievement in the EU‑15 are not taken into account, to reflect the possibility that Member States with a surplus could use any remaining allowances for their own purposes, and not necessarily make them available to compensate for Member States with a shortfall. For Switzerland: carbon sequestration from LULUCF is expected to be in the range of – 0.4 Mt CO2-equivalent to – 1.8 Mt CO2‑equivalent.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure text/texmacs Comparison of available emission units and verified emissions in all 30 EU ETS countries, 2005–2011
The 'change in scope/coverage' concerns the correction from 2005 through 2007, to 2008 through 2012. The large corrections for 2005 and 2006 are related to Bulgaria and Romania, which only entered the scheme in 2007
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure text/texmacs Perspective of the EU ETS cap up to 2050
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Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100