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Figure Specific CO2 emissions per tonne-km and per mode of transport in Europe, 1995-2009
The graph shows development of specific CO2 emissions, defined as emissions of CO2 per transport unit (tonne-km), by freight transport mode (road, rail, maritime, inland shipping) over the period 1995 to 2009.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Specification Transport final energy consumption by mode
The total energy consumption in transport in Petajoule (PJ) from 1990 onwards. Transport modes included are bunkers (sea), air transport (domestic and international), inland navigation, rail transport and road transport.
Located in Data and maps Indicators
Indicator Assessment chemical/x-pdb Passenger transport demand (CSI 035/TERM 012) - Assessment published Jan 2011
Between 2007 and 2008 passenger transport demand in the EEA-32 declined, for the first time in the 13 years displayed, most likely due to the impacts of the global economic recession. However, this does little to change the long-term trend; overall passenger transport demand has grown by over a fifth since 1995. There is continued evidence to suggest a decoupling between passenger transport demand and GDP in the EEA-32. However, latest estimates for air passenger transport within the EU-27 indicate that demand has been growing at a much faster rate than any other mode of passenger transport.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Passenger transport demand
Indicator Specification Transport taxes and charges
The infrastructure taxes and charges indicator is a complex indicator, which includes: Road transport charges (note data is only currently available for the freight sector): Taxes on the possession of freight vehicles or use of road applicable only to vehicles registered in the country (nationality based road charge); Moderately territorial charges: time based charges for the use of road or motorway networks, moderately territorial road charges; including its minimum charge (EUR) and length of minimum period of charge (days) (freight transport); Strongly territorial road charge or distance charge for freight transport; Combined distance and weight based charges for the use of road or motorway networks applied to freight only. So far only Switzerland has implemented it. The indicator could be expanded to include the revenues collected per country, e.g. total toll revenues (EUR) for some countries. Rail infrastructure charges: fixed rail charges for freight and passenger rail; variable rail freight and passenger charge. The indicator could be expanded to include total rail infrastructure charges per country as well as a sum of the total amount of rail freight charges (EUR) and total amount of rail passenger charges (EUR). Information is currently collected for infrastructure charges as well as for total charges, but due to only a few countries submitting data, the comparison is very fragmented.
Located in Data and maps Indicators
Indicator Assessment Energy efficiency and specific CO2 emissions (TERM 027) - Assessment published Sep 2010
Specific CO 2 emissions of road transport have decreased since 1995, mainly due to an improvement in the fuel efficiency of passenger car transport. Recent EU Regulation setting emission performance standards for new passenger cars is expected to further reduce CO 2 emissions from light-duty vehicles in view of the 130 g/km and 95 g/km emission targets set for 2015 and 2020 respectively. Specific CO 2 emissions of air transport, although decreasing, are of the same order of magnitude as for road, while rail and maritime shipping remain the most energy efficient modes of passenger transport. Specific energy efficiency of light and heavy duty trucks has improved, but road transport still consumes significantly more energy per tonne-km than rail or ship freight transport.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Energy efficiency and specific CO2 emissions
Indicator Assessment Passenger transport demand (CSI 035/TERM 012) - Assessment published Sep 2010
Passenger transport demand in the EEA-32 continues to grow, but at a slower pace than GDP indicating a decoupling between these two metrics. The latest data shows that since 2002 air passenger transport has been growing at a much faster rate than any other mode of passenger transport.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Passenger transport demand
Figure File Excel_Fig_3.1_term2010
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs Trends in passenger transport demand and GDP
Figure Troff document Trends in air passenger transport demand and GDP
Trends in air passenger transport demand and GDP. The two curves show the development in GDP and air passenger transport volumes, while the columns show the level of annual decoupling. Green indicates faster growth in GDP than in transport while red indicates stronger growth in transport than in GDP. Aviation passenger demand data are provisional estimates from the European Commission DG MOVE for domestic and intra-EU27 aviation. GDP data for Lichtenstein is not included as it is not available. The ratio of annual growth of passenger transport to GDP, measured in 2000 prices, determines the amount of coupling between GDP and transport. The decoupling indicator, depicted by the green bars, is calculated as unity minus the coupling ratio; so a positive score indicates decoupling (i.e. transport demand grows less slowly than GDP), with a negative score showing the opposite (i.e. transport demand outpaces GDP growth)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Estimated share of pre Euro/conventional and Euro I-V heavy-duty vehicles, buses and coaches and conventional and Euro 1-3 mopeds and motorcycles in 30 EEA member countries, 1995, 2005 and 2011
The graph shows the estimated share of pre Euro/conventional and Euro I-V heavy-duty vehicles, buses and coaches and conventional and Euro 1-3 mopeds and motorcycles in 30 EEA member countries, 1995, 2005 and 2011.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure PM10 mean and maximum values of annual averages for traffic and urban background stations
Station pairs from capital cities were preferred, but when not available the next largest city for which data was available was chosen
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
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