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Indicator Assessment Land take (CSI 014) - Assessment published Nov 2005
Land take by the expansion of artificial areas and related infrastructure is the main cause of the increase in the coverage of land at the European level. Agricultural zones and, to a lesser extent, forests and semi-natural and natural areas, are disappearing in favour of the development of artificial surfaces. This affects biodiversity since it decreases habitats, the living space of a number of species, and fragments the landscapes that support and connect them.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Land take
Indicator Assessment Progress in management of contaminated sites (CSI 015/LSI 003) - Assessment published Aug 2007
Soil contamination requiring clean up is present at approximately 250000 sites in the EEA member countries, according to recent estimates. And this number is expected to grow. Potentially polluting activities are estimated to have occurred at nearly 3 million sites (including the 250000 sites already mentioned) and investigation is needed to establish whether remediation is required. If current investigation trends continue, the number of sites needing remediation will increase by 50% by 2025. By contrast, more than 80000 sites have been cleaned up in the last 30 years in the countries where data on remediation is available. Although the range of polluting activities (and their relative importance as localised sources of soil contamination) may vary considerably across Europe, industrial and commercial activities as well as the treatment and disposal of waste are reported to be the most important sources. National reports indicate that heavy metals and mineral oil are the most frequent soil contaminants at investigated sites, while mineral oil and chlorinated hydrocarbons are the most frequent contaminants found in groundwater. A considerable share of remediation expenditure, about 35% on average, comes from public budgets. Although considerable efforts have been made already, it will take decades to clean up a legacy of contamination.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Progress in management of contaminated sites
Figure Overview of progress in control and remediation of soil contamination by country
Progress is expressed in terms of degree of completeness of activities in each management step as compared to the estimated number of sites to be processed at each management step
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Annual land take by several types of human activity (2000-2006)
Drivers of urban land development ha/year In some large countries, dates of satellite images for regions may differ by several years
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure chemical/x-pdb Relative contribution of land-cover categories to uptake by urban and other artificial land development
In some large countries, dates of satellite images for regions may differ by several years
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Mean annual urban land take 2000-2006 per country as a percentage of 2000 artificial land
Land cover changes in Liechtenstein remained below the detection level of Corine Land Cover change methodology. In some large countries, dates of satellite images for regions may differ by several years
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Mean annual urban land take as a percentage of total Europe-23 urban land take 1990-2000
In some large countries, dates of satellite images for regions may differ by several years
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Mean annual urban land take as a percentage of total urban land take 2000-2006
Land cover changes in Liechtenstein remained below the detection level of Corine Land Cover change methodology. In some large countries, dates of satellite images for regions may differ by several years
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Breakdown of industrial and commercial branches responsible for local soil contamination in selected countries as % of total
Finland: 'oil industry' also includes 'chemical industry'
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Breakdown of activities causing local soil contamination.
The graph shows a breakdown of the main sources causing soil contamination by country as % of the number of sites where preliminary investigations have been completed
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Phone: +45 3336 7100