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Sound and independent information
on the environment

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Publication Consumption and the environment — 2012 update
Update to the European Environment State and Outlook 2010 (SOER 2010) thematic assessment
Located in Publications
Figure Petrol and diesel fuel prices in Europe by region
The red line is the raw cost price for fuel (USD 0.27)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Real price indices of passenger transport based on a fixed transport product in the EU 25 Member States (2005=100)
Real change in passenger and freight transport prices by mode, relative to average consumer prices (CP00). Data for entire EU-27 are available. However, very low consumer price indices in Romania and Bulgaria prior to their accession distort the weighted average and hence have been excluded.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Price of fossil fuels and metals
Fuel price index and metals price index evolution from 1980 to 2010
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Real change in transport prices by mode in the EU‑27
Evolution of Transport Prices for Consumers (index 2005 = 100))
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication EEA report 1/2006 - Using the market for cost-effective environmental policy
Located in Publications
Publication chemical/x-pdb Consumption and the environment - SOER 2010 thematic assessment
The consumption of goods and services in EEA member countries is a major driver of global resource use and associated environmental impacts. Growth in global trade is resulting in an increasing share of environmental pressures and impacts from European consumption taking place beyond Europe. Food and drink, housing, mobility and tourism are responsible for a large part of the pressures and impacts caused by consumption in the EU. Achieving significant reductions in environmental pressures and impacts will require changing private and public consumption patterns, to supplement gains achieved through better technology and improved production processes.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Thematic assessments
SOER Message Consumption and environment — key message 6
Achieving significant reductions in the environmental pressures related to consumption will require sophisticated policy packages, including regulatory and voluntary instruments, providing sustainable infrastructure, technological support; consumer education and information; and green public procurement. Getting the prices right through ecological tax reform could provide the critical fiscal element of such policy packages. Information to consumers is unlikely on its own to result in significant changes to consumption patterns.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Consumption and the environment - SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key messages
Figure Share of taxes in the electricity prices paid by households in 2007
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Indexed consumer prices for passenger transport, EU-27, 1998-2009
The Figure shows the development of consumer prices for different modes of passenger transport in EU-27 in the period 1998-2009. The prices are calculated as HICP-values (see methodology section below).
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100