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Sound and independent information
on the environment

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SOER Key fact D source code Europe is dependent on imported raw materials
Europe's economy is heavily dependent on imported raw materials — in 2011 approximately 1 600 million tonnes of raw materials were imported into Europe – that’s about 3.2 tonnes per person. Fuels accounted for most of this amount.
Located in News Europe's demand for resources reaching far beyond its borders Key facts
Daviz Visualization Foreign trade (volumes) - imports and exports
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Figure Changes in physical foreign trade of EU-27, by product group, 1999–2008
This figure shows the changes in physical trade (in million tonnes) of total imports and exports of EU27 by product groups between 1999 and 2008.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Changes in physical foreign trade of EU-27, by product group, 1999–2011
This figure shows 1999-2011 direct imports and exports by eight product groups of the EU27 in million tonnes
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Publication Material resources and waste — SOER 2010 thematic assessment
The European economy needs huge amounts of resources to function. Apart from consuming minerals, metals, concrete and wood, Europe burns fossil fuels and uses land to satisfy the needs of its citizens. Demand for materials is so intense that between 20 and 30 % of the resources we use are now imported. At the other end of the materials chain, the EU economy generates around six tons of waste per person every year. With the boom in international trade, EU consumption and production may potentially damage ecosystems and human health not only within but also far beyond its borders.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Thematic assessments
SOER Key fact Consumption and the environment - key fact 3
Meat imports to the EU-15 increased by 120 % from 1990-2007. Cereal imports increased by 83 %, frozen vegetables by 174 %, and bananas by 92 % over the same period.
Located in The European environment – state and outlook 2010 Consumption and the environment - SOER 2010 thematic assessment Key facts
Figure EU-15 imports from EECCA, 1992-2004
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Total fish catches, aquaculture production, consumption, imports and exports for EEA-32 countries and the western Balkans, 1995 to 2009
Consumption here refers to human consumption only. No consumption data are available for Liechtenstein.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Highlight Europe's demand for resources reaching far beyond its borders
Demand for materials is so intense that between 20 and 30 % of the resources we use in Europe are now imported. With the boom in international trade, EU consumption and production damage ecosystems and human health far beyond Europe’s borders, according to a report published by the European Environment Agency (EEA).
Located in News
Publication Material resources and waste — 2012 update
Update to the European Environment State and Outlook 2010 (SOER 2010) thematic assessment
Located in Publications
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100